Gir Overview

Gir National Park, nestled in the western state of Gujarat, India, is a wildlife sanctuary that spans an area of approximately 545 square miles (1,412 square kilometers), making it one of the most significant protected areas in Asia for the conservation of the Asiatic lion. Established in 1965, the park was primarily dedicated to conserving this endangered species, which once roamed vast regions of Asia but now finds its last refuge in the dry deciduous forests of Gir.

Located roughly 65 kilometers southeast of Junagadh, Gir’s landscape is a mix of rugged hills, dense forests, and vast grasslands, interspersed with perennial and seasonal rivers, which create a mosaic of ecological habitats. This diversity supports a rich variety of flora and fauna. The park is renowned for its population of Asiatic lions, which has seen a remarkable recovery, thanks to conservation efforts. As of the latest census, the lion population in and around Gir has surpassed 600 individuals.

Apart from lions, Gir is home to a plethora of other wildlife, including leopards, various species of deer such as the sambar and chital, antelopes like the nilgai and chinkara, and smaller mammals like the Indian pangolin. The park is also a birdwatcher’s paradise, with over 300 species of birds, including the critically endangered white-backed and long-billed vultures.

Gir National Park offers guided safari tours that allow visitors to explore the wilderness and witness the majestic lions in their natural habitat. These safaris are conducted in open jeeps, providing an immersive experience. Additionally, the park encompasses the Gir Interpretation Zone, or Devalia Safari Park, where visitors can see a variety of wildlife in a more contained environment, making wildlife viewing accessible and ensuring the safety of both the animals and visitors.

Gir is not just a wildlife sanctuary; it’s a testament to successful conservation practices, showcasing the balance between human intervention and the wild’s inherent resilience. The park’s efforts in protecting the Asiatic lion have made it a crucial biodiversity hotspot and a model for conservation worldwide.

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Park Map
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Gir National Park Highlights


Gir National Park is home to a fascinating array of predators, each playing a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance of this unique habitat.

Asiatic Lion
The park’s flagship species, Asiatic Lions are smaller than their African cousins, with a distinct fold of skin along their bellies, symbolizing the park’s conservation success.

Elusive and versatile, Leopards in Gir adapt to various habitats, showcasing their ability to thrive in proximity to larger predators like lions.

Striped Hyena
Often overshadowed by the park’s larger carnivores, Striped Hyenas are crucial scavengers, cleaning up carrion and contributing to the ecological health of Gir.

Indian Python
A formidable constrictor, the Indian Python plays a key role in controlling rodent and small mammal populations, showcasing the diversity of Gir’s predator base.

Marsh Crocodile
Inhabiting the park’s water bodies, Marsh Crocodiles are apex aquatic predators, crucial for maintaining the balance within Gir’s riverine ecosystems.

Indian Grey Mongoose
Quick and agile, the Indian Grey Mongoose is often seen darting across the forest floor, hunting snakes and rodents, showcasing its role as a natural pest controller.

Indian Fox
The Indian Fox, with its cunning behavior and omnivorous diet, plays a multifaceted role in the ecosystem, from controlling rodent populations to scavenging.

Each predator in Gir National Park, from the regal Asiatic Lion to the swift Indian Grey Mongoose, plays a critical role in the park’s natural hierarchy and biodiversity.


Gir National Park is not only a haven for predators but also hosts a diverse range of other wildlife species, each contributing to the park’s rich biodiversity.

Sambar Deer
As the largest Indian deer, Sambar Deer are crucial for the ecosystem, providing prey for the Asiatic lion and supporting the food web dynamics.

Nilgai (Blue Bull)
The Nilgai, India’s largest antelope, showcases the adaptability of ungulates in Gir, with its striking blue-grey coat and contrasting white spots.

Chital (Spotted Deer)
Graceful and alert, Chital are abundant in Gir, their herds forming a vital part of the diet for the park’s top predators.

Chinkara (Indian Gazelle)
The elegant Chinkara, with its slender build and swift movements, thrives in the open grasslands, demonstrating the park’s habitat diversity.

Wild Boar
Omnivorous and adaptable, Wild Boars impact the forest floor through their rooting behavior, contributing to seed dispersal and the ecological balance.

Indian Porcupine
With its sharp quills, the Indian Porcupine is a nocturnal creature, feeding on tubers, bark, and fruits, playing a role in vegetation control.

The swift and majestic Blackbuck, with its spiraled horns and distinctive coloring, is a conservation success, symbolizing the restoration efforts in India’s grasslands.

Four-horned Antelope
Unique for its four horns, this shy and elusive antelope navigates Gir’s underbrush, showcasing the biodiversity within the park’s ecosystems.

Hanuman Langur
These social primates are a common sight in Gir, aiding in seed dispersal and serving as an early warning system for the presence of predators.

Indian Peafowl
The national bird of India, Peafowls add a splash of color and elegance to Gir, their calls echoing through the park’s landscapes.

Gir National Park’s diverse wildlife, from the stately Sambar Deer to the vibrant Indian Peafowl, highlights the ecological richness and conservation importance of this unique habitat.

Gir National Park Pictures

Engaging Gir National Park

Full-Day Algarve Jeep Safari

Safari tours in Gir National Park are the main attraction, providing visitors a chance to spot the majestic Asiatic lion, leopards, antelopes, and over 300 bird species. These tours are conducted in open jeeps, offering an immersive experience in the deciduous forests, grassy scrublands, and near water bodies, which are the lifelines of the park’s fauna.

Fixed circuit within the Zone

The Devalia Safari Park, also known as the Gir Interpretation Zone, offers a secured, shorter, and more guaranteed wildlife viewing experience within a smaller, enclosed area of the park. This is especially suitable for those with limited time or for days when the larger park is closed.

A visit to the Crocodile Breeding Center provides insights into the conservation efforts for crocodiles within Gir National Park. Visitors can learn about the life cycle and conservation of these reptiles, adding an educational aspect to their visit.

Gir is also a haven for birdwatchers, with more than 300 bird species recorded. Guided bird watching tours offer the chance to see a variety of resident and migratory birds, enhancing the safari experience with the park’s avian diversity.

Organized by the forest department, these camps aim to educate visitors, especially students, about wildlife conservation and the biodiversity of Gir National Park. Activities include documentary screenings, discussions, and guided walks in safe zones.

Places to Stay

Gir Birding Lodge
  • Asiatic Lion Safari
  • Gir Forest Safari
  • Birding In Gir
  • Rooms
The Fern Gir Forest Resort, Sasan Gir
  • Birding In Gir
  • Rooms
  • Hotels
  • Villas
  • Resorts
  • Lodges
Gir Orchid Resort
  • Asiatic Lion Safari
  • Gir Forest Safari
  • Birding In Gir
  • Rooms
Gir Jungle Lodge Resort
  • Hotels
  •  Villas
  •  Resorts
  • Lodges
  • Holiday homes

Gir National Park Trails

No Traditional Trails

Gir National Park, known for being the last stronghold of the Asiatic lion, does not offer conventional hiking trails due to the focus on wildlife conservation and the safety of both visitors and animals.

The park’s primary mode of exploration is through vehicle-based safari tours, which allow visitors to observe wildlife in their natural habitat.


1. What is Gir National Park known for?

Gir National Park in India is renowned for its population of Asiatic lions, making it the last refuge of this endangered species.

Apart from lions, the park is also home to a diverse range of wildlife, including leopards, sambar deer, chital, and various bird species.

The park’s diverse ecosystems, which include deciduous forests, grasslands, and scrublands, provide vital habitat for these animals.

Visitors to Gir National Park can enjoy wildlife safaris, birdwatching, and nature walks while admiring the stunning landscapes and unique biodiversity of the region.

2. What is the best time to visit Gir National Park?

The best time to visit Gir National Park is from December to March, during the winter and early spring months. Average temperatures during this time range from 50°F to 85°F (10°C to 30°C) during the day, providing comfortable weather for wildlife viewing and outdoor activities.

Additionally, the dry season ensures clearer visibility and easier access to the park’s trails and safari routes, enhancing the chances of spotting elusive animals like the Asiatic lion.

  • Britannica, Gir National Park,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Gir National Park, park tour site,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Government of Gujarat, Gir National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Gujarat Tourism, Gir Forest National Park,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Tour My India, Gir National Park,, retrieved