Jim Corbett Overview

Jim Corbett National Park, established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, holds the distinction of being India’s first national park and a pioneering initiative in tiger conservation. Located in the Nainital and Pauri Garhwal districts of Uttarakhand, this iconic park spans an area of approximately 520 square kilometers (about 201 square miles). It was renamed in 1957 in honor of Jim Corbett, a legendary British hunter, naturalist, and writer who played a key role in its establishment and went on to become a prominent advocate for the conservation of India’s wildlife.

Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, Jim Corbett National Park is celebrated for its stunning landscapes, which include dense deciduous forests, grasslands, and riverine belts. The park’s varied topography is traversed by streams and rivers, including the Ramganga, which is a vital water source for its diverse flora and fauna. This rich ecosystem provides a habitat for over 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species, and 25 reptile species.

Jim Corbett National Park is renowned worldwide for its successful conservation of the Royal Bengal Tiger. It serves as a critical tiger habitat and was among the first reserves to be included under Project Tiger, India’s ambitious tiger conservation program initiated in 1973. Besides tigers, the park is home to other significant wildlife such as leopards, elephants, Himalayan black bears, and several species of deer and monkeys, making it a premier destination for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.

The park offers various tourism zones that visitors can explore through jeep safaris and elephant rides, providing intimate encounters with the rich biodiversity and the breathtaking beauty of the landscape. Jim Corbett National Park not only plays a crucial role in wildlife conservation but also offers an exceptional wilderness experience, combining the thrill of adventure with the serenity of nature in one of India’s most beautiful and ecologically diverse areas.

advertisement banner
Park Map
advertisement banner

Jim Corbett National Park Highlights


Jim Corbett National Park, nestled in the Himalayan foothills, is home to a diverse array of predator species crucial to its ecological health.

Bengal Tiger: The Bengal tiger, India’s iconic apex predator, roams the park’s forests with majestic grace, preying on deer and other ungulates. These magnificent cats play a vital role in regulating prey populations and shaping the park’s ecosystem.

Leopard: Leopards, known for their elusive nature, are skilled hunters and climbers, often found in the park’s rocky terrain. These adaptable predators prey on a variety of animals, including deer, monkeys, and smaller mammals.

Wild Dog: Wild dogs, also known as dholes, are highly social predators that hunt cooperatively, making them formidable hunters in the park’s grasslands and woodlands. Their presence highlights the park’s biodiversity and underscores the interconnectedness of its wildlife communities.


Jim Corbett National Park, nestled in the Himalayan foothills, is renowned for its rich biodiversity beyond its iconic predators.

Asian Elephant: The Asian elephant, a keystone species in the park, roams its diverse habitats, including grasslands and forests. These gentle giants play a crucial role in shaping the landscape and are a symbol of the park’s conservation efforts.

Sloth Bear: The sloth bear, named for its slow, shuffling gait, is another fascinating inhabitant of Corbett. These elusive creatures feed primarily on insects, using their powerful claws to dig into termite mounds and anthills for food.

Indian Pangolin: The Indian pangolin, with its distinctive armor-like scales, is a lesser-known but essential species in the park’s ecosystem. These nocturnal insectivores play a vital role in controlling insect populations, particularly ants and termites, contributing to the park’s ecological balance.

Gharial: The gharial, a critically endangered crocodilian species, inhabits the Ramganga River within the park. With its long, slender snout and distinctive bulbous growth on the tip, the gharial is a unique and fascinating species to encounter.

Indian Python: The Indian python, one of the largest snake species in the world, can be found slithering through the forests and grasslands of the park. These non-venomous constrictors play a vital role in controlling rodent populations and are an important part of the park’s ecosystem.


Jim Corbett National Park is renowned for its avian diversity, boasting a plethora of bird species that enchant visitors with their vibrant colors and melodious calls.

There are approximately 600 different species.  Here are some popular ones you might hope to see:

Crested Serpent Eagle: A majestic raptor, the Crested Serpent Eagle is a common sight in Corbett. With its striking plumage and keen eyesight, it soars high above the forest canopy, hunting for reptiles and small mammals.

Red Junglefowl: The colorful Red Junglefowl, ancestor to domestic chickens, adds a splash of vibrancy to the park’s landscape. Males flaunt their bright red plumage and striking combs during courtship displays, while females are more subtly adorned.

Great Hornbill: One of Corbett’s most iconic birds, the Great Hornbill is known for its impressive size and distinctive casqued bill. Often seen flying gracefully through the forest, these majestic birds play a crucial role in seed dispersal, helping maintain the park’s ecological balance.

Indian Roller: The Indian Roller, adorned with vibrant hues of blue, purple, and green, is a common sight in Jim Corbett National Park. Its aerial acrobatics and melodious calls make it a favorite among birdwatchers, especially during the breeding season when males perform elaborate courtship displays.

White-throated Kingfisher: With its distinctive turquoise and chestnut plumage, the White-throated Kingfisher is a familiar sight along Corbett’s rivers and streams. Often observed perched patiently on branches overlooking water bodies, it plunges with precision to catch fish, insects, and other aquatic prey.

Changeable Hawk-Eagle: The Changeable Hawk-Eagle, with its striking plumage and piercing gaze, epitomizes the essence of Corbett’s avian diversity. Known for its agile flight and formidable hunting skills, this apex predator commands respect as it soars majestically above the forest canopy, surveying its domain for potential prey.

Pied Kingfisher: The Pied Kingfisher, with its distinctive black and white plumage and hovering flight, is a familiar sight along Corbett’s rivers and water bodies. Its characteristic plunge-dive into the water to catch fish is a spectacle that delights visitors and photographers alike.

Grey-headed Fish Eagle: The Grey-headed Fish Eagle, with its regal appearance and keen eyesight, is a sought-after sighting for bird enthusiasts in Jim Corbett National Park. Often perched near water bodies, it patiently scans the surface for fish, showcasing its skillful hunting techniques.

Engaging Jim Corbett

Embark on an exhilarating jeep safari adventure through the diverse landscapes of Jim Corbett National Park. Led by experienced guides, these safaris offer the chance to explore the park’s rich biodiversity and spot elusive wildlife such as tigers, elephants, and leopards in their natural habitat.

Traverse rugged terrain, meandering rivers, and dense forests as you seek out sightings of iconic species against the backdrop of the picturesque Himalayan foothills.

With knowledgeable guides providing insights into the park’s ecology and wildlife behavior, visitors can enjoy an immersive safari experience while learning about conservation efforts aimed at protecting these magnificent creatures.

Whether venturing out at dawn or dusk, jeep safaris promise unforgettable encounters with the wilderness of Jim Corbett National Park.

Embark on an unforgettable adventure through the lush wilderness of Jim Corbett National Park with an elephant safari. Accompanied by skilled mahouts, visitors can traverse the park’s diverse terrain, from dense forests to meandering rivers, aboard majestic elephants.

This unique vantage point offers an unparalleled opportunity to observe the park’s abundant wildlife, including spotted deer, wild boar, and elusive predators like tigers and leopards, in their natural habitat.

The slow and silent pace of the elephant safari allows for intimate wildlife encounters and provides photographers with excellent opportunities to capture stunning images. Experienced naturalists accompany each safari, sharing insights into the park’s ecology and wildlife behavior, enhancing the overall safari experience.

Embark on an exhilarating journey through the heart of Jim Corbett National Park with the Dhikala Zone Canter safari.

This specially designed open-air safari vehicle offers panoramic views of the park’s diverse landscapes, including dense forests, grasslands, and riverbanks.

Led by experienced naturalists, the safari traverses prime wildlife habitats, providing ample opportunities to spot a myriad of species, from majestic elephants and elusive big cats to vibrant birdlife and charismatic herbivores.

The Dhikala Zone is renowned for its rich biodiversity and is considered one of the best areas for wildlife sightings in the park. With its comfortable seating and knowledgeable guides, the Canter safari offers an immersive wildlife experience, ideal for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers alike.

Jim Corbett National Park is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 600 species of birds calling its diverse habitats home. Join experienced birding guides on a birdwatching excursion to explore the park’s rich avian diversity, from colorful songbirds and majestic raptors to rare migratory species.

Whether strolling along nature trails, cruising down rivers, or observing from strategically located hides, visitors can expect exceptional birdwatching opportunities and the chance to spot elusive and endemic species.

With the soothing sounds of birdsong filling the air and the sight of vibrant plumage flitting among the trees, birdwatching in the park offers a peaceful and rewarding experience for nature enthusiasts of all levels.

Guided Walks in Buffer Zones

Immerse yourself in the sights, sounds, and scents of the jungle on a guided nature walk through the pristine wilderness of Jim Corbett National Park.

Led by knowledgeable naturalists, these walks offer the chance to explore the park’s diverse ecosystems up close, from dense forests and meandering rivers to open grasslands teeming with wildlife.

Learn about the intricate interconnections between plants, animals, and their environment as you meander along forest trails, observing tracks, signs, and sightings of various species along the way.

With the opportunity to encounter a variety of flora and fauna, including colorful butterflies, shy deer, and playful monkeys, nature walks provide a serene and immersive way to experience the natural beauty of Jim Corbett National Park while gaining insight into its ecological importance and conservation efforts.

Jim Corbett National Park Trails

No Traditional Trails

Jim Corbett National Park, primarily known for its wildlife safaris and being a habitat for the Bengal tiger, does not offer conventional hiking trails due to its focus on wildlife conservation and the safety of both the animals and visitors.

The park’s exploration is mostly through jeep or elephant safaris, providing an opportunity to observe a wide array of wildlife in their natural habitat.


1. How many tigers are there in Jim Corbett National Park?

As of the latest estimates, Jim Corbett National Park is home to around 200 tigers. However, population numbers can fluctuate due to various factors such as habitat availability, prey abundance, and conservation efforts.

2. What is Jim Corbett National Park most known for?

Jim Corbett National Park is most renowned for being one of the oldest and most prestigious tiger reserves in India. It gained international fame as the first national park established in Asia and for its successful efforts in conserving the endangered Bengal tiger.

Besides tigers, the park is celebrated for its rich biodiversity, diverse ecosystems, and picturesque landscapes, making it a prime destination for wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, and adventure seekers alike.

3. What other national parks are close to Jim Corbett National Park?

Jim Corbett National Park is situated in the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand, near the foothills of the Himalayas.

Several other national parks and wildlife reserves are in proximity to Jim Corbett National Park, offering visitors a chance to explore the diverse ecosystems and wildlife of the region.

Rajaji National Park: Located in the state of Uttarakhand, Rajaji National Park is known for its population of Asian elephants, tigers, leopards, and various species of birds.

Nanda Devi National Park: Situated in the state of Uttarakhand, Nanda Devi National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its stunning alpine meadows, glaciers, and diverse flora and fauna.

Dudhwa National Park: Located in the state of Uttar Pradesh, Dudhwa National Park is renowned for its population of Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinoceroses, and swamp deer.

These national parks offer opportunities for wildlife safaris, birdwatching, and exploring the natural beauty of the Himalayan region.

  • Britannica, Corbet National Park,, retrieved March 2024.
  • Corbett Tourism, Corbett,, retrieved March 2024.
  • Corbett National Park, park site,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Travelogy India, Jim Corbett National Park,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Park Site, Jim Corbett National Park,, retrieved March 2024.
  • Uttarakhand Tourism Department, Corbett National Park,, retrieved April 2024.