Bandhavgarh Overview

Bandhavgarh National Park, located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh, India, is renowned for its breathtaking biodiversity and, notably, one of the highest densities of Bengal tigers in the world. Established in 1968 as a national park, Bandhavgarh spans an area of approximately 1,536 square kilometers (593 square miles) when including the buffer zones, with the core area covering about 716 square kilometers (276 square miles). The park’s name, Bandhavgarh, translates to “Brother’s Fort,” referencing an ancient fort located in the park, which is steeped in legend and history, adding a mystical charm to the natural beauty of the area.

Nestled in the Vindhya Hills, Bandhavgarh National Park boasts a varied landscape of steep ridges, undulating forests, and open meadows, creating an ideal habitat for a wide range of wildlife. While the park is internationally famous for its thriving tiger population, it also supports a diverse array of other species, including leopards, Indian bison (gaur), sloth bears, sambar deer, and a myriad of bird species, making it a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and bird watchers alike.

The park’s vegetation is predominantly of tropical moist deciduous type, with dense sal forests covering a significant portion of the area, interspersed with grasslands and bamboo stretches. This rich habitat not only supports an abundance of prey species, thereby sustaining the large predator population, but also contributes to the park’s overall biodiversity.

Bandhavgarh National Park offers visitors the chance to explore its wilderness through jeep safaris, which provide intimate encounters with the majestic tigers and other wildlife in their natural habitat. The safaris are led by experienced guides who share insights into the behavior of the animals and the ecological balance of the park.

With its historical significance, rich biodiversity, and high tiger visibility, Bandhavgarh National Park stands as a testament to India’s conservation efforts and a must-visit destination for those seeking to immerse themselves in the country’s natural and cultural heritage.

advertisement banner
Park Map
advertisement banner

Bandhavgarh National Park Highlights


Bandhavgarh National Park teems with apex predators, each playing a crucial role in maintaining the ecological balance of this diverse habitat.

Bengal Tiger
The park’s star, the Bengal Tiger, is a symbol of India’s wildlife conservation efforts, showcasing immense strength, stealth, and an unmistakable striped coat.

Elusive and versatile, leopards adapt to various habitats within the park, showcasing remarkable climbing ability and nocturnal hunting prowess.

Dhole (Indian Wild Dog)
Highly social and cooperative hunters, Dholes are known for their distinctive whistles and remarkable efficiency in taking down prey much larger than themselves.

Sloth Bear
With shaggy fur and a distinctive snout, Sloth Bears primarily feed on termites, but their strong claws and powerful build make them formidable.

Jungle Cat
Smaller than some of its fellow predators, the Jungle Cat relies on stealth and speed, hunting a variety of small prey across different terrains.

Striped Hyena
Often scavenging near tiger kills, the Striped Hyena is a solitary nocturnal predator, contributing to the park’s ecological cleanup crew.

Indian Python
A powerful constrictor, the Indian Python preys on a variety of animals, showcasing the diverse predatory strategies within Bandhavgarh National Park.

Focusing on fish, the Gharial’s narrow snout is perfectly adapted for catching slippery prey in the park’s water bodies, adding to the predator diversity.

These predators, among others, underline Bandhavgarh National Park’s status as a biodiversity hotspot, highlighting the intricate balance of predator and prey dynamics within this thriving ecosystem.


Bandhavgarh National Park is a vibrant ecosystem, home to a rich tapestry of wildlife species, each contributing to the park’s ecological diversity.

Sambar Deer
The largest Indian deer, Sambar Deer are vital prey for tigers, with their large, rugged antlers and a barking alarm call to signal danger.

Indian Bison (Gaur)
As the largest bovine, the Gaur impresses with its massive size and strength, grazing in herds and maintaining the grassland and forest balance.

Langur (Hanuman Monkey)
Often seen in troops, Langurs are crucial for seed dispersal, their grey coats and black faces a common sight amidst the park’s canopies.

Chital (Spotted Deer)
Easily recognized by their beautiful spotted coats, Chital are abundant, social, and a key food source for the park’s predators.

Indian Peafowl
The national bird of India, Peafowls display a spectacular array of colors, with males showcasing their iconic tail feathers during courtship dances.

Wild Boar
Adaptable and omnivorous, Wild Boars play a significant role in the park’s ecosystem, from seed dispersal to being prey for large carnivores.

Barasingha (Swamp Deer)
Characterized by their large, multi-tined antlers, Barasingha are adapted to wet habitats, contributing to the diversity of the park’s grassland dwellers.

Malabar Pied Hornbill
Notable for their large, casqued beak, these birds are vital for the forest as they spread seeds, helping in the growth of many tree species.

Indian Roller
Admired for its stunning blue plumage and acrobatic flight, the Indian Roller is a colorful addition to the park’s birdlife, often seen perched near open fields.

Indian Elephant
Although sightings are rare in Bandhavgarh, the Indian Elephant plays a crucial role in shaping the landscape, creating paths and clearings used by other species.

Each species in Bandhavgarh National Park contributes to its status as a haven for naturalists and wildlife enthusiasts, showcasing the beauty and complexity of India’s natural heritage.

Engaging Bandhavgarh

The Tala Zone is the most popular and picturesque area of Bandhavgarh, offering the highest chances of tiger sightings. Visitors can also see ancient caves with prehistoric carvings. The lush biodiversity, including various deer species, birds, and leopards, makes for an unforgettable experience.

Known for its excellent tiger spotting opportunities, the Magadhi Zone captivates visitors with its beautiful landscapes and diverse wildlife. The safari takes you through dense forests and meadows, providing encounters with various animals and birds, enhancing the wilderness experience.

This zone is appreciated for its scenic beauty and quieter safari experience. While tigers are the main attraction, the area is also home to many bird species, making it a paradise for bird watchers. The varied vegetation and tranquil surroundings offer a peaceful exploration.

Bandhavgarh National Park Trails

Bandhavgarh Fort Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: Specific details may vary; permission required for access.

Description: Although not a traditional hiking trail and requiring special permission, the trek to Bandhavgarh Fort is a highlight.

Situated atop a hill, it offers panoramic views of the park and insights into the area’s historical significance.

The ancient fort, temples, and statues amidst the wild setting create a unique blend of history and nature.


1. What is Bandhavgarh National Park known for?

Bandhavgarh National Park, located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, is renowned for its thriving population of Bengal tigers.

It’s considered one of the best places in India to spot these majestic big cats in their natural habitat. The park’s dense forests, grasslands, and rocky terrain provide ideal conditions for tiger sightings.

Besides tigers, Bandhavgarh is also home to a variety of other wildlife, including leopards, deer, wild boar, and a rich birdlife. Additionally, the park holds historical and archaeological significance, with ancient ruins and cave shelters scattered throughout its landscape, adding to its allure as a destination for nature lovers and history enthusiasts alike.

  • Bandhavgarh National Park, Park Site, retrieved April 2024.
  • Bandhavgarh, Park Site,, retrieved April 2024
  • Britannica, Tiger,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Tour My India, Bandhavgarh National Park,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Wikipedia, Bandhavgarh National Park,, retrieved April 2024.