Kaziranga Overview

Kaziranga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985, is a significant natural habitat located in the state of Assam, India. Spanning across the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River, the park covers an area of approximately 430 square kilometers (about 166 square miles). Renowned for its successful conservation of the One-Horned Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga represents one of the last unmodified natural areas in the north-eastern region of India.

Kaziranga’s landscape is characterized by its vast expanses of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests crisscrossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and numerous small water bodies. This unique ecosystem has been recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for its conservation of avian species.

Beyond its iconic rhinoceros population, which accounts for more than two-thirds of the world’s total, Kaziranga is home to a high density of tigers, making it also a Tiger Reserve. Moreover, the park provides habitat for large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Kaziranga’s waters are also rich in fish species that sustain the rare Ganges dolphin.

Kaziranga’s importance extends beyond wildlife conservation. Its varied biodiversity includes significant floral diversity, providing a critical habitat for numerous species of birds, reptiles, and fish, contributing to the ecological balance of the region. Seasonal flooding of the Brahmaputra River enriches the soil, ensuring a lush and productive habitat that supports the dense biomass.

For visitors, Kaziranga National Park offers elephant-back safaris and jeep tours, providing an up-close experience with the wildlife in their natural habitats. The park’s efforts in conservation and its role in promoting awareness and education about the importance of preserving natural habitats have set a benchmark globally.

With its rich biodiversity, successful conservation programs, and stunning natural beauty, Kaziranga National Park stands as a testament to the coexistence of humans and wildlife, offering a glimpse into the vibrant and diverse ecosystems of India’s north-eastern frontier.

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Kaziranga National Park Highlights


In the heart of Assam, India, Kaziranga National Park harbors a diverse array of predators, essential for maintaining the delicate balance of its ecosystem.

Bengal Tiger

The majestic Bengal tiger, apex predator of the Indian subcontinent, roams Kaziranga’s grasslands and forests, hunting deer and wild boar with stealth and power.

Indian Leopard

The elusive Indian leopard, with its spotted coat, stalks the dense jungles and tall grasses of Kaziranga, preying on small mammals and occasionally livestock.

Indian Wild Dog (Dhole)

The Indian wild dog, or dhole, travels in cohesive packs through Kaziranga’s habitats, hunting cooperatively and displaying remarkable intelligence and social cohesion.

Sloth Bear

The shaggy sloth bear, a master digger, forages for insects and fruits in the forests and grasslands of Kaziranga, using its long claws to unearth food.

Clouded Leopard

The elusive clouded leopard, with its distinctive coat pattern, prowls the dense forests of Kaziranga, preying on birds, monkeys, and small mammals with agility and stealth.

Indian Python

The Indian python, a formidable constrictor, lurks in the swamps and marshes of Kaziranga, ambushing prey such as rodents, birds, and occasionally deer.

Golden Jackal

The adaptable golden jackal scavenges for food in Kaziranga’s grasslands and scrub forests, feeding on carrion and occasionally hunting small mammals and birds.

Bengal Fox

The Bengal fox, with its pointed ears and bushy tail, roams the open grasslands and scrub forests of Kaziranga, hunting rodents and insects.

Marbled Cat

The secretive marbled cat, with its striking coat pattern, navigates the dense vegetation of Kaziranga, preying on birds, rodents, and small reptiles with stealth and precision.


Kaziranga National Park, renowned for its rich biodiversity, is home to a plethora of non-predator species, each contributing to the park’s vibrant ecosystem.

Indian Rhinoceros

The iconic Indian rhinoceros, with its armored hide and single horn, grazes peacefully in the grasslands and marshes of Kaziranga, symbolizing conservation success.

Asian Water Buffalo

The formidable Asian water buffalo, with its massive horns and imposing stature, wallows in the wetlands of Kaziranga, grazing on aquatic plants and grasses.

Indian Elephant

The majestic Indian elephant, a keystone species, traverses Kaziranga’s landscapes, shaping habitats and contributing to the park’s ecological integrity as it forages and migrates.

Swamp Deer (Barasingha)

The elegant swamp deer, or barasingha, congregates in the marshes and grasslands of Kaziranga, distinguished by its twelve-pointed antlers and sociable behavior.

Hog Deer

The agile hog deer, with its distinctive coat pattern, bounds through the grasslands and woodlands of Kaziranga, grazing on grasses and evading predators.

Indian Bison (Gaur)

The massive Indian bison, or gaur, roams the forests and grasslands of Kaziranga, browsing on leaves and grasses, and occasionally forming small herds.

Wild Boar

The ubiquitous wild boar, with its bristly coat and tusks, forages in the forests and grasslands of Kaziranga, feeding on roots, tubers, and small animals.

Indian Pangolin

The elusive Indian pangolin, covered in scales, wanders the forests and grasslands of Kaziranga, feeding on ants and termites with its specialized tongue.

Capped Langur

The charismatic capped langur, with its tufted head and long tail, leaps through the canopy of Kaziranga’s forests, feeding on leaves, fruits, and flowers.

Assamese Macaque

The Assamese macaque, a social primate, inhabits the forests and riverine habitats of Kaziranga, foraging for fruits, seeds, and small invertebrates.

Engaging Kaziranga

Jeep safaris in Kaziranga allow visitors to explore the vast grasslands and dense forests where they can spot rhinos, tigers, elephants, and a variety of birds. These safaris are conducted in four main zones of the park and are the best way to observe the park’s diverse ecosystems and wildlife.

Most vehicles have open tops allowing visitors to stand and have clearer views of the wildlife and surrounding landscapes.

An elephant safari offers an unmatched opportunity to get close to the wild animals, especially the rhinos, in their natural habitat. Moving quietly through the tall grasses at dawn, this gentle ride provides a unique perspective of the park’s landscape and its inhabitants.

Along with seeing the terrain and wildlife, experiencing the park on the back of an elephant is an adventure on its own.

Kaziranga is also a haven for birdwatchers, with over 480 bird species. While not a trail in the traditional sense, bird watching tours in and around the park offer a chance to see a variety of migratory and resident birds. These tours are particularly rewarding in the winter months when many migratory birds visit the park.

River cruises on the Brahmaputra at the edge of Kaziranga offer a serene way to experience the park’s aquatic life and bird population. The cruises provide panoramic views of the park and opportunities to see wildlife coming to the riverbanks, especially during the dry season.

In the buffer zones around Kaziranga, visitors can sometimes participate in guided walking tours. These walks offer a closer look at the park’s flora and smaller fauna, conducted with the utmost respect for wildlife and with safety precautions in place.

Kaziranga National Park Trails

No Traditional Trails

Kaziranga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its significant population of the great one-horned rhinoceros, does not offer conventional hiking trails due to its focus on wildlife conservation and the safety of visitors and animals.

The primary means of exploration are jeep and elephant safaris.

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  • Travelogy India, Kaziranga National Park,, retrieved April 2024.
  • UNESCO, Kaziranga National Park,, retrieved April 2024.