Cuc Phuong Overview

Cuc Phuong National Park, established in 1962 as Vietnam’s first national park, is situated in the northern part of the country, spanning the provinces of Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh, and Thanh Hoa. Covering an area of approximately 222 square kilometers (86 square miles), Cuc Phuong is renowned for its rich biodiversity, stunning natural landscapes, and significant archaeological and cultural sites.

Nestled amidst the limestone karst mountains, Cuc Phuong boasts a lush, verdant landscape that is home to an impressive array of flora and fauna. The park harbors over 2,000 plant species, including ancient trees and rare medicinal plants, providing a critical habitat for conservation. Its dense forests are a sanctuary for diverse wildlife, including several endangered species such as the Delacour’s langur, Asian black bear, and the Indochinese tiger. Bird enthusiasts will find Cuc Phuong a haven, with over 300 bird species recorded, making it an important site for avian biodiversity.

One of the park’s unique features is the presence of prehistoric caves, where archaeological excavations have uncovered human remains and artifacts dating back thousands of years, offering insights into Vietnam’s ancient past. The park also focuses on conservation efforts, with rehabilitation centers for rescued primates and turtles, emphasizing its commitment to protecting Vietnam’s natural heritage.

Visitors to Cuc Phuong National Park can explore its natural beauty through a network of trails that wind through the forest, leading to waterfalls, caves, and ancient trees. Guided tours are available, providing opportunities to learn about the park’s ecology, wildlife, and conservation initiatives. The park’s visitor center and botanical garden offer further educational experiences, making Cuc Phuong not only a destination for eco-tourism but also a center for environmental education and research.

Cuc Phuong National Park stands as a testament to Vietnam’s natural beauty and biodiversity, offering a serene and captivating escape for nature lovers, hikers, and anyone interested in exploring the rich tapestry of Vietnam’s oldest national park.

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Park Map
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Cuc Phuong National Park Highlights


Cuc Phuong National Park is a vibrant ecosystem, teeming with a variety of wildlife species that showcase the ecological richness and diversity of Northern Vietnam.

Delacour’s Langur
Endangered and striking, Delacour’s Langur is recognized by its contrasting black and white fur, a critical species for primate conservation efforts within the park.

Asian Black Bear
With its distinctive white chest patch, the Asian Black Bear is an elusive but vital component of the park’s biodiversity, foraging across its dense forests.

Indochinese Leopard
Rare and secretive, the Indochinese Leopard is a testament to the park’s wildness, playing a crucial role in the balance of its ecosystem as a top predator.

Critically endangered, Pangolins are unique for their insectivorous diets and protective scales, vital for controlling insect populations within the park’s forests.

Owston’s Civet
Nocturnal and elusive, Owston’s Civet is distinctive for its striking coat pattern, contributing to the park’s small mammal diversity and ecological balance.

Clouded Leopard
With its beautiful cloud-patterned fur, the Clouded Leopard is a rare and elusive sight, embodying the mystery and wildness of Cuc Phuong’s forests.

Limestone Leaf Warbler
Recently discovered, this small bird species is unique to limestone forests, showcasing the park’s importance as a habitat for endemic and specialized wildlife.

Giant Flying Squirrel
Gliding through the canopy, the Giant Flying Squirrel is a spectacular nocturnal mammal, contributing to the park’s seed dispersal and ecological dynamics.

Vietnamese Salamander
A species endemic to the region, the Vietnamese Salamander is a critical part of the park’s aquatic ecosystems, indicative of clean water and healthy habitats.

Green Peafowl
The majestic Green Peafowl, with its stunning plumage and loud call, plays a significant role in the park’s avian diversity and is a symbol of wilderness.

Cuc Phuong National Park’s varied inhabitants, from the critically endangered Delacour’s Langur to the mysterious Clouded Leopard, highlight the park’s global significance for conservation and biodiversity.

Cuc Phuong National Park Pictures

Engaging Cuc Phuong National Park

Embark on a jungle trek through the dense forests of Cuc Phuong National Park, immersing yourself in the sights and sounds of the wilderness. Follow expert guides along scenic trails, discovering ancient trees, hidden waterfalls, and diverse wildlife along the way.

Jungle trekking offers opportunities to encounter rare and endemic species, such as langurs and civets, while experiencing the pristine beauty of Vietnam’s natural landscapes.

Cuc Phuong National Park Trails

Thousand Year Old Tree Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 7 kilometers round trip, with moderate elevation gain.

Description: This trail leads hikers through dense forest to a magnificent thousand-year-old tree.

Along the way, visitors are treated to the park’s lush foliage, including towering trees and a variety of ferns and orchids.

The path can be muddy and slippery, but the sight of the ancient tree, with its massive trunk and sprawling branches, is a rewarding experience.

Endangered Primate Rescue Center Trail

Rating: Easy

Distance and Elevation Gain: 2 kilometers round trip, with minimal elevation gain.

Description: A short and easy walk from the park headquarters, this trail offers visitors the chance to learn about the conservation of Vietnam’s endangered primates.

The center houses several species of gibbons and langurs, providing a unique opportunity to observe these animals up close and learn about efforts to rehabilitate and release them back into the wild.

Prehistoric Man Cave Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 9 kilometers round trip, with some elevation gain.

Description: This trail takes hikers to an archaeological site where evidence of prehistoric human habitation was found.

The hike through the national park’s diverse ecosystems is both educational and visually stunning, offering insights into the area’s history and prehistory.

The cave itself provides a fascinating glimpse into the life of early humans in the region.

Botanical Garden Path

Rating: Easy

Distance and Elevation Gain: 1.5 kilometers round trip, with minimal elevation gain.

Description: Ideal for those interested in the park’s flora, this easy stroll through the Botanical Garden showcases a variety of plant species native to the region.

The garden is a peaceful retreat where visitors can enjoy the beauty and tranquility of the park’s diverse plant life, including several rare and endangered species.

Waterfall Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 6 kilometers round trip, with moderate elevation gain.

Description: This moderately challenging trail rewards hikers with views of a beautiful waterfall tucked away in the park’s dense forest.

The hike offers a chance to immerse in the park’s natural beauty, with opportunities to spot wildlife and enjoy the serene sounds of the forest.

The waterfall is particularly impressive during the rainy season, making for a refreshing and scenic destination.


1. What is Cuc Phuong National Park known for?

Cuc Phuong National Park is known for its rich biodiversity and pristine landscapes, making it one of Vietnam’s most important protected areas.

The park is renowned for its ancient limestone karst formations, dense tropical forests, and diverse array of flora and fauna.

Visitors to Cuc Phuong can explore its scenic trails, visit the Endangered Primate Rescue Center to learn about conservation efforts for endangered primates, and discover ancient caves and archaeological sites within the park’s boundaries.

2. When is the best time to visit Cuc Phuong National Park?

The best time to visit Cuc Phuong National Park is during the dry season, which typically lasts from November to April.

During this time, the weather is relatively mild and dry, making it ideal for outdoor activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and wildlife spotting.

Average temperatures during the dry season range from 60°F to 80°F (16°C to 27°C) during the day and can drop to around 50°F to 60°F (10°C to 15°C) at night, providing comfortable conditions for exploration and enjoyment of the park’s natural beauty.

  • Cuc Phuong, Park Șițe,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Local Vietnam, Cuc Phuong,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Vinpearl, Cuc Phuong National Park,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Vietnam Online, Cuc Phuong,, retrieved April 2024.