Ba Vi Overview

Ba Vi National Park, nestled in the Ba Vi mountain range, is located about 60 kilometers west of Hanoi, Vietnam. This park, established in 1991, spans across an area of approximately 1,072 square kilometers (414 square miles), encompassing three prominent peaks: King Peak, the highest at 1,296 meters (4,252 feet); Tan Vien Peak; and Ngoc Hoa Peak. These mountains are not only significant for their natural beauty but also hold cultural and spiritual importance, with several temples and pagodas dotted along their slopes.

The park’s landscape is a stunning mosaic of tropical and subtropical forests, encompassing a rich diversity of flora and fauna. With over 1,200 plant species, including rare and endangered trees like the ironwood tree, Ba Vi National Park is a crucial conservation area for Vietnam’s biodiversity. It also serves as a habitat for a variety of wildlife, including species such as the barking deer, langurs, and several bird species, making it a vital refuge for the country’s wildlife.

Ba Vi National Park is renowned for its scenic beauty, featuring mist-covered mountains, lush forests, and cascading waterfalls. The park’s diverse ecosystems create a serene and captivating environment, offering visitors a respite from the bustling city life of Hanoi. One of the park’s highlights is the cactus greenhouse, which houses a collection of over 1,200 cactus specimens from around the world.

The park offers a range of recreational activities, including hiking, trekking to the mountain peaks, and visiting historical and cultural sites like the temple dedicated to President Ho Chi Minh. The natural hot springs and forested areas provide opportunities for relaxation and nature appreciation.

Ba Vi National Park is not only a biodiversity hotspot but also a place of historical and cultural significance, making it a popular destination for both nature lovers and those interested in Vietnam’s rich heritage. Its proximity to Hanoi makes it an accessible escape for city dwellers and tourists seeking to explore the natural and spiritual beauty of Vietnam.

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Park Map
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Ba Vi National Park Highlights


Ba Vi National Park’s wildlife captivates with its diversity, including rare species and vibrant ecosystems.

Indochinese Serow
This elusive, goat-like mammal is adept at navigating the steep, rocky terrains of Ba Vi, with a rugged coat to blend into the forest backdrop.

Red Junglefowl
The wild ancestor of domestic chickens, this bird flaunts a magnificent red and gold plumage, with a distinctive, powerful crow at dawn.

Silver Pheasant
Easily recognized by its white and black coloring, the Silver Pheasant adds a touch of elegance to the forest with its long, flowing tail.

Barking Deer
Small yet resilient, the Barking Deer emits a dog-like bark as an alarm. It thrives in dense underbrush, feeding on fruits and leaves.

Asian Black Bear
With its distinctive white chest patch and shaggy black fur, this bear is a formidable omnivore, foraging for fruits, nuts, and occasionally meat.

Rhesus Macaque
A common sight, these adaptable primates are known for their expressive faces and social structures, often seen grooming each other in the trees.

King Cobra
The king of snakes, its imposing presence is highlighted by its ability to “stand” and hood, making it a respected figure in the forest.

Leopard Cat
Smaller than its big cat relatives, the Leopard Cat sports a striking spotted coat, hunting at night for rodents and birds in the dense underbrush.

Oriental Pied Hornbill
Characterized by its large, casqued bill, this bird is vital for seed dispersal, ensuring the health and growth of the forest.

With their melodious calls and acrobatic brachiation, gibbons are a symbol of the park’s vibrant canopy, living in close-knit family groups.

Creepy Crawly

Ba Vi National Park is a haven for entomologists, offering a glimpse into the vibrant world of insects, each species playing a crucial role in the ecosystem.

Giant Atlas Moth
As one of the largest moths in the world, the Giant Atlas Moth is renowned for its stunning wing patterns, mimicking snakes to deter predators.

Jewel Beetle
These beetles dazzle with their iridescent exoskeleton, often seen on flowers and leaves, contributing to the park’s natural mosaic of colors.

Stick Insect
Masters of camouflage, Stick Insects blend seamlessly with twigs and foliage, a fascinating example of nature’s adaptability and survival strategies.

Rhino Beetle
Characterized by their large, horn-like projections on the males’ heads, Rhino Beetles are a symbol of strength and are popular in local folklore.

Illuminating the night with their bioluminescent glow, fireflies create a magical atmosphere in the park, signaling to mates in a twinkling display.

Butterfly (Blue Glassy Tiger)
With translucent wings that seem to shimmer in the sunlight, the Blue Glassy Tiger Butterfly adds a splash of delicate beauty to the floral landscape.

Dragonfly (Common Green Darner)
Fast and agile, the Common Green Darner is a marvel of aerodynamics, patrolling waterways and controlling mosquito populations with its voracious appetite.

Painted Grasshopper
The Painted Grasshopper, with its vivid colors and patterns, stands out among the grasses and foliage, serving as both a visual treat and a reminder of the park’s diverse insect life.

Leaf-cutter Ant
These industrious ants form complex societies, cutting leaves to cultivate fungus, an incredible example of mutualism and advanced social organization.

Red Weaver Ant
Famous for their architectural prowess, Red Weaver Ants construct elaborate nests by weaving leaves together, showcasing the collaborative strength of the colony.

Ba Vi Pagoda

Perched atop Ba Vi Mountain within Ba Vi National Park, Ba Vi Pagoda is a historical and cultural landmark dating back to the 11th century. This ancient Buddhist temple complex offers visitors a glimpse into Vietnam’s religious heritage and serves as a tranquil retreat amidst the park’s natural beauty.

The pagoda features traditional Vietnamese architecture, with ornate pagodas, intricate carvings, and colorful decorations. Visitors can explore the temple grounds, wandering among the stone statues, serene courtyards, and peaceful gardens.

Ba Vi Pagoda also offers stunning panoramic views of the surrounding countryside, providing a serene setting for meditation and contemplation.

Uncle Ho's Temple

Located within Ba Vi National Park, Uncle Ho’s Temple, also known as Ho Chi Minh’s Temple, is a historical and cultural landmark dedicated to Vietnam’s beloved revolutionary leader, Ho Chi Minh.

The temple is situated amidst the lush greenery of the park, offering a serene and picturesque setting for visitors to pay their respects to “Uncle Ho.” The temple complex features traditional Vietnamese architecture, with a central pavilion housing an altar dedicated to Ho Chi Minh.

Visitors can explore the temple grounds, which include landscaped gardens, tranquil ponds, and shaded pathways. Uncle Ho’s Temple serves as a place of pilgrimage for Vietnamese people and tourists alike, providing an opportunity to learn about Ho Chi Minh’s legacy and his contributions to Vietnam’s struggle for independence and reunification.

Thien Son-Suoi Nga Eco-Tourism Area

Thien Son-Suoi Nga Eco-Tourism Area is a cultural and historical attraction located within Ba Vi National Park. This scenic area is renowned for its picturesque landscapes, tranquil streams, and lush forests, as well as its rich history and cultural heritage.

Visitors can explore ancient caves and rock formations, including Thien Son Cave, which features impressive stalactites and stalagmites. The area is also home to several historical sites, including the remains of ancient villages and stone relics dating back to the prehistoric period.

Visitors can learn about the area’s history and culture through guided tours and interpretive signage, gaining insights into the lives of the people who once inhabited this beautiful landscape.

Engaging Ba Vi National Park

Ba Vi National Park offers numerous hiking trails that wind through its lush tropical forests, offering visitors the chance to immerse themselves in the park’s stunning natural beauty. Trails vary in difficulty, from easy walks suitable for families to more challenging treks leading to the summit of Ba Vi Mountain. Along the way, hikers can encounter diverse flora and fauna, hidden waterfalls, and panoramic viewpoints, providing a memorable outdoor experience.

Take a cultural excursion to Ba Vi Pagoda, a historic Buddhist temple located at the summit of Ba Vi Mountain. Dating back to the 11th century, the pagoda offers a glimpse into Vietnam’s religious heritage and provides a peaceful retreat amidst the park’s natural beauty.

Visitors can explore the temple complex, admire its traditional architecture, and soak in the serene atmosphere while enjoying panoramic views of the surrounding countryside.

Enjoy a relaxing day in nature by packing a picnic and heading to one of the designated picnic areas in Ba Vi National Park. Set up your picnic blanket amidst the park’s scenic landscapes, whether by a tranquil stream, beside a serene lake, or in a shaded grove of trees. Listen to the sounds of nature, savoring your meal surrounded by the sights and sounds of the park.

Ba Vi National Park Trails

Pine Forest Trail

Rating: Easy

Distance and Elevation Gain: 2 kilometers round trip, with minimal elevation gain.

Description: This gentle trail meanders through a serene pine forest, offering a peaceful retreat from the city’s hustle and bustle. It’s perfect for families and those seeking a leisurely walk in nature.

The pine-scented air and the sound of birds singing create a refreshing atmosphere, making it a popular choice for picnics and relaxation.

Cactus Garden Path

Rating: Easy

Distance and Elevation Gain: 1 kilometer round trip, with minimal elevation gain.

Description: The Cactus Garden Path leads visitors through a unique collection of cacti and succulents, some of which are rare and exotic.

This easy walk is educational and offers a chance to learn about different cactus species and their adaptations to dry environments.

The garden’s layout and the variety of shapes and sizes of the cacti make for excellent photo opportunities.

Summit of Mount Ba Vi

Rating: Moderate to Difficult

Distance and Elevation Gain: 12 kilometers round trip, with significant elevation gain to reach the summit at 1,296 meters.

Description: For those seeking a challenge, the hike to the summit of Mount Ba Vi offers rewarding views and a sense of accomplishment.

The trail can be steep and rugged in parts, leading through dense forest to the top, where hikers can visit an old French-era weather station and enjoy panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. The climb is best suited for experienced hikers.

Ngoc Hoa Temple and Thuong Temple Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 3 kilometers round trip, with moderate elevation gain.

Description: This trail takes hikers to two important cultural and spiritual sites within the park: Ngoc Hoa Temple and Thuong Temple.

Located on the mountainside, the temples are accessible via a path that offers beautiful views and a tranquil setting for reflection.

The hike is an opportunity to learn about the local religious practices and enjoy the natural beauty of the area.

Tan Vien Peak Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 6 kilometers round trip, with moderate elevation gain to reach Tan Vien Peak.

Description: This trail leads to Tan Vien Peak, one of the three main peaks in Ba Vi National Park. The hike is moderately challenging, passing through lush forests and offering occasional views of the valley below. The peak is associated with local legends and is considered a spiritual site, with a small temple at the summit dedicated to the Mountain God.


1. What is Ba Vi National Park known for?

Ba Vi National Park is known for its lush tropical forests, diverse flora and fauna, and scenic landscapes. The park encompasses Ba Vi Mountain, a prominent landmark in the region, which rises to an elevation of 1,296 meters (4,252 feet) above sea level.

One of the main attractions of Ba Vi National Park is its rich biodiversity. The park is home to a variety of plant and animal species, including rare and endangered species such as the Delacour’s langur, a type of leaf-eating monkey found only in northern Vietnam.

Another highlight of Ba Vi National Park is its stunning landscapes and panoramic views. From the summit of Ba Vi Mountain, visitors can enjoy sweeping vistas of the surrounding countryside, rice paddies, and distant mountain ranges.

In addition to its natural beauty, Ba Vi National Park also holds cultural significance. At the summit of Ba Vi Mountain, visitors can visit the historic Ba Vi Pagoda, a Buddhist temple dating back to the 11th century. The pagoda offers a peaceful retreat and a chance to learn about Vietnam’s rich religious heritage.

Overall, Ba Vi National Park offers visitors a chance to escape the hustle and bustle of city life and immerse themselves in the tranquility and natural beauty of Vietnam’s countryside. Whether hiking through the forest, admiring the views from the mountain summit, or exploring ancient temples, Ba Vi National Park provides a memorable and enriching experience for nature lovers and cultural enthusiasts alike.

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