Sundarbans Overview

Sundarbans National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a magnificent natural wonder located in the delta region of the Padma, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers in the Bay of Bengal. Spanning across the southern tip of West Bengal, India, this extensive network of tidal waterways, mudflats, and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests encompasses an area of about 1,330 square kilometers (514 square miles). The park is part of the larger Sundarbans Reserve Forest, which extends into Bangladesh, making it the largest tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world.

Established as a national park in 1984, Sundarbans is renowned for its unique ecosystem and biodiversity. It is particularly famous for being the habitat of the Bengal tiger, which has adapted to an almost amphibious life, swimming between islands to hunt for food. This elusive tiger population is one of the last remaining in the wild, making the Sundarbans a critical area for conservation.

Besides the iconic Bengal tiger, the Sundarbans National Park is home to a variety of wildlife, including saltwater crocodiles, various species of sharks, the endangered Ganges river dolphin, and the Irrawaddy dolphin. The area is also an avian paradise, with a vast array of birdlife, including numerous species of kingfishers, the magnificent white-bellied sea eagle, and the peregrine falcon.

The park’s dense mangrove forests play a crucial role in protecting the inland areas from cyclones, tidal surges, and erosion. They are also vital for carbon sequestration, contributing to the fight against climate change.

Visitors to Sundarbans National Park can explore this unique landscape through boat safaris, which offer a chance to navigate the narrow creeks and witness the rich biodiversity firsthand. The experience of drifting through the silent waterways, with the dense forest canopy overhead, offers an unparalleled sense of adventure and tranquility.

Sundarbans National Park stands as a testament to nature’s resilience and beauty, offering a unique blend of ecological importance, wildlife conservation, and breathtaking landscapes.

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Park Map
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Sundarbans National Park Pictures

Engaging the Sundarbans

Boat-based Excursion

Navigate the intricate waterways and mangrove creeks of the Sundarbans on a boat safari. This experience allows visitors to observe the rich biodiversity of the region, including the elusive Bengal tiger, crocodiles, and a variety of bird species.

The serene journey through the world’s largest mangrove forest offers unparalleled opportunities for photography and wildlife observation.

The Sunset River Cruise in the Sundarbans offers an enchanting experience as the sky transforms with hues of orange, pink, and red, reflecting over the serene waters of the world’s largest mangrove forest. As you glide through the narrow creeks and rivers, the sounds of the forest come alive, offering glimpses of wildlife preparing for the night. This peaceful journey provides a unique opportunity to witness the natural beauty and tranquility of the Sundarbans at dusk.

The Sajnekhali Watch Tower offers a panoramic view of the Sundarbans, making it a prime spot for bird watching and occasionally spotting tigers and other wildlife. The nearby mangrove interpretation center provides insights into the region’s flora and fauna.

The Dobanki Canopy Walk offers a unique perspective of the forest from an elevated walkway, allowing visitors to experience the mangroves from above.

This safe and accessible walkway, surrounded by dense foliage and wildlife sounds, enhances the chances of spotting various birds and animals in their natural habitat.

Another popular vantage point is the Sudhanyakhali Watch Tower, where visitors have a good chance of spotting tigers, axis deer, and crocodiles. The surrounding ponds frequently attract wildlife, making it an ideal spot for observation and photography.

Sundarbans National Park Trails

Limited Traditional Hiking

Sundarbans National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is renowned for its unique mangrove forests and wildlife, particularly the Bengal tiger.

The park’s exploration is mainly through boat safaris rather than traditional hiking trails due to its aquatic landscape.

Burirdabri Mud Walk and Watch Tower

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: involves walking on mudflats and through mangrove trails.

Description: This trail offers a more immersive experience into the Sundarbans, featuring a mud walk and a journey through the mangrove forests to the Burirdabri Watch Tower.

The trail is an adventure, allowing close encounters with the unique mangrove habitat and its inhabitants.

  • Britannica, Sundarban National Park,, retrieved April 2024.
  • India, Sundarban National Park Tourism,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Sundarban National Park, Park Site,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Tour My India, Sundarban National Park,, retrieved April 2024.
  • UNESCO, Sundarban National Park,, retrieved April 2024.