Turkey National Parks


About Turkey National Parks National Parks

Turkey’s national parks offer a diverse tapestry of landscapes, from towering mountains to pristine coastlines, inviting travelers to explore its natural wonders. From the surreal landscapes of Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia to the majestic peaks of Mount Nemrut National Park, each park boasts unique geological formations, rich biodiversity, and cultural heritage.

Göreme National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, showcases otherworldly rock formations, ancient cave dwellings, and Byzantine-era churches carved into the soft volcanic tuff. Mount Nemrut National Park, home to the colossal statues and tomb sanctuary of King Antiochus I, offers panoramic views and archaeological wonders.

Other notable parks include Dilek Peninsula-Büyük Menderes Delta National Park, with its pristine beaches and wetlands, and Yedigöller National Park, known for its seven interconnected glacial lakes and lush forests. These national parks not only preserve Turkey’s natural and cultural heritage but also provide opportunities for eco-tourism, adventure, and relaxation amidst stunning landscapes.

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Turkey National Parks's National Parks

Goreme National Park several pillars

Göreme National Park

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1. How many national parks are there in Turkey?

Turkey has a total of 43 national parks. These national parks protect a wide variety of ecosystems, including mountains, forests, coastal areas, wetlands, and historical sites, and offer opportunities for outdoor activities, wildlife viewing, and cultural experiences.

2. What is the largest national park in Turkey?

The largest national park in Turkey is the Kırklareli Yıldız Mountains National Park. It covers an area of approximately 560 square kilometers (about 216 square miles).

Located in the Kırklareli Province in northwestern Turkey, this national park is known for its diverse ecosystems, including forests, mountains, and meadows. The park is home to a variety of flora and fauna, and it offers opportunities for hiking, wildlife watching, and nature photography amidst stunning natural scenery.

3. What is the smallest national park in Turkey?

The smallest national park in Turkey is the Karagöl-Sahara National Park. Covering an area of approximately 1.5 square kilometers (about 0.58 square miles), this national park is located in the Artvin Province, in northeastern Turkey, near the town of Borçka.

Despite its small size, Karagöl-Sahara National Park is renowned for its picturesque landscapes, including the Karagöl Lake surrounded by lush forests and rocky cliffs.

The park offers opportunities for hiking, picnicking, and enjoying the tranquil natural setting. It is a popular destination for day trips and outdoor enthusiasts visiting the region.

4. What was the first national park in Turkey?

The first national park in Turkey is the Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia. Established in 1985, Göreme National Park is located in the Cappadocia region of central Anatolia.

It is renowned for its surreal landscape of fairy chimneys, rock formations, and ancient cave dwellings, some of which date back to the 4th century AD. The park also contains numerous Byzantine-era churches with elaborately painted frescoes.

Due to its unique geological and cultural significance, Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, making it one of the earliest protected areas in Turkey.