Romania National Parks


About Romania National Parks National Parks

Romania’s national parks boast diverse landscapes, rich biodiversity, and cultural heritage, offering visitors a glimpse into the country’s natural wonders. With over a dozen national parks spread across its territory, Romania showcases its commitment to environmental conservation and sustainable tourism.

Each park features unique features, from the majestic Carpathian Mountains to the pristine Danube Delta wetlands. From the iconic Retezat National Park, known for its glacial lakes and endemic flora and fauna, to the enchanting Râșnov Citadel National Park, with its medieval fortresses and picturesque landscapes, visitors can explore a wide range of ecosystems and outdoor activities.

Romania’s national parks are not only havens for nature lovers but also important areas for scientific research, environmental education, and cultural heritage preservation. They provide vital habitats for numerous plant and animal species, as well as opportunities for recreation, relaxation, and cultural experiences.

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Romania National Parks's National Parks

Domogled-Valea Cernei corcoala gorge

Domogled Valea Cernei

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Retezat National Park

Retezat Național Park

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Rodna National Park

Rodna Mountains National Park

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1. How many national parks are there in Romania?

Romania boasts 17 national parks, each offering unique natural and cultural treasures. These parks cover a diverse range of landscapes, from the majestic peaks of the Carpathian Mountains to the lush valleys and forests of the Danube Delta.

Visitors can explore dramatic gorges, sparkling lakes, ancient forests, and pristine wetlands, home to a rich variety of plant and animal species. Romania’s national parks provide opportunities for hiking, wildlife watching, birding, photography, and cultural experiences, with many parks featuring historic landmarks, traditional villages, and archaeological sites.

These protected areas play a vital role in conserving Romania’s natural heritage and promoting sustainable tourism practices, offering unforgettable experiences for nature enthusiasts and adventurers alike.

2. What is the largest national park in Romania?

The largest national park in Romania is Retezat National Park (Parcul Național Retezat). It covers an area of approximately 380 square kilometers (about 147 square miles) in the Carpathian Mountains, in the western part of the country.

Retezat National Park is renowned for its stunning alpine landscapes, rugged peaks, glacial lakes, and diverse flora and fauna. It is home to over 1,000 plant species, including many rare and endemic ones, as well as a variety of wildlife such as brown bears, wolves, lynx, and chamois.

The park offers visitors opportunities for hiking, mountaineering, wildlife watching, and photography, with numerous trails leading to scenic viewpoints, mountain peaks, and pristine wilderness areas.

Retezat National Park is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and a designated Important Bird Area, attracting nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts from around the world.

3. What is the smallest national park in Romania?

The smallest national park in Romania is Cheile Nerei-Beușnița National Park, located in the southwestern part of the country, near the border with Serbia. It covers an area of approximately 116.65 square kilometers (about 45 square miles).

Cheile Nerei-Beușnița National Park is known for its spectacular limestone gorges, scenic waterfalls, and pristine forests, as well as its rich biodiversity and cultural heritage. The park offers visitors opportunities for hiking, rock climbing, caving, and wildlife watching, with numerous trails leading to natural attractions such as the Beușnița Waterfall, the Ochiul Beiului Lake, and the Bigăr Waterfall.

Cheile Nerei-Beușnița National Park is a designated Natura 2000 site and is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site “Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe,” making it a significant area for conservation and sustainable tourism.

4. What was the first national park in Romania?

The first national park in Romania is Bucegi National Park (Parcul Național Bucegi), established in 1935. Located in the Southern Carpathians, Bucegi National Park covers an area of approximately 326 square kilometers (about 126 square miles) and is known for its stunning mountain landscapes, deep gorges, and unique geological formations, including the Sphinx and the Babele rock formations.

The park is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species, including bears, wolves, lynx, chamois, and numerous bird species. Bucegi National Park offers visitors opportunities for hiking, mountain biking, skiing, and wildlife watching, with numerous trails leading to scenic viewpoints, alpine meadows, and mountain peaks.

The park is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers, attracting visitors from Romania and around the world.