Hallasan Overview

Hallasan National Park, designated in 1970, is a majestic natural reserve located on Jeju Island, South Korea. Centered around Hallasan Mountain, the highest peak in South Korea at 1,947 meters (6,388 feet), the park covers an area of approximately 153.3 square kilometers (about 59 square miles). This UNESCO World Heritage Site is celebrated not only for its geological value, including its well-preserved volcanic landscape, but also for its ecological diversity, cultural significance, and stunning natural beauty.

Hallasan Mountain, a massive shield volcano, forms the backbone of Jeju Island and is a dormant volcano with a crater lake at its summit, known as Baengnokdam, meaning “white deer lake.” The park boasts a diverse range of ecosystems, from subtropical lowlands to alpine regions near the peak, supporting over 1,800 species of flora and a variety of fauna, including several endemic species unique to Jeju Island.

The park is renowned for its scenic beauty throughout the year. Spring brings a colorful display of azaleas and rhododendrons, summer is lush and green, fall features vibrant foliage, and winter covers the landscape in snow, offering breathtaking views from the summit. The mountain is encircled by several well-marked trails, allowing visitors of all skill levels to explore its slopes, forests, and crater lake, making it a popular destination for hikers, nature lovers, and those seeking tranquility and inspiration from the natural world.

Hallasan National Park also holds cultural importance, with ancient legends and myths associated with the mountain, reflecting its significance in Korean spiritual and cultural heritage. The park’s unique geological features, including lava tubes and caves elsewhere on Jeju Island, contribute to its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, highlighting its global importance for natural and cultural preservation.

With its unparalleled natural beauty, ecological diversity, and cultural richness, Hallasan National Park stands as a symbol of Jeju Island’s unique charm, attracting visitors from around the globe to experience its serene landscapes and to witness the harmonious coexistence of nature and culture on this volcanic island.

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Hallasan National Park Highlights

Cheonjeyeon Falls

Cheonjeyeon Falls, also known as the “Pond of God,” is a breathtaking three-tiered waterfall located in Hallasan National Park, South Korea. The name “Cheonjeyeon” means “heavenly bridge,” inspired by the legend of seven fairies descending from heaven to bathe in the pristine waters.

The falls cascade gracefully over rocky cliffs, spanning approximately 72 feet (22 meters) in height. Visitors can access the falls via well-maintained trails, meandering through lush forests and picturesque landscapes.

Surrounding the falls, vibrant flora and fauna thrive in the pristine environment, creating a serene oasis amidst the volcanic terrain.

Cheonjeyeon Falls is a popular destination for nature lovers and photographers, offering opportunities for relaxation, contemplation, and immersion in the natural beauty of Hallasan National Park.

Jeongbang Falls

Jeongbang Falls: Jeongbang Falls is a majestic waterfall located on the southern coast of Jeju Island, South Korea. Plunging directly into the sea, it is one of the few waterfalls in the world that flows directly into the ocean.

The falls stand approximately 75 feet (23 meters) tall, creating a mesmerizing spectacle as the freshwater merges with the salty seawater below. Visitors can admire the falls from a viewing platform located nearby, feeling the refreshing mist and listening to the soothing sounds of rushing water.

Surrounded by rugged cliffs and lush vegetation, Jeongbang Falls offers a tranquil escape from the bustling city life, inviting visitors to reconnect with nature and marvel at its raw beauty.


Baengnokdam, also known as the “White Deer Lake,” is a volcanic crater lake located within Hallasan National Park on Jeju Island, South Korea. Formed within the caldera of Hallasan, the lake sits at an elevation of approximately 4,600 feet (1,402 meters) above sea level.

The crater spans approximately 1.6 kilometers in diameter and is surrounded by steep cliffs, creating a stunning natural amphitheater. Baengnokdam is renowned for its tranquil waters, which reflect the changing colors of the surrounding landscape throughout the day.

Visitors can access the crater lake via well-maintained trails, enjoying panoramic views of Hallasan’s slopes and the surrounding forests along the way.

Baengnokdam offers a serene setting for hiking, picnicking, and nature appreciation, providing a peaceful retreat amidst the volcanic landscapes of Jeju Island.

Saebyeol Oreum

Saebyeol Oreum, meaning “Morning Star Hill,” is a volcanic cone located on Jeju Island, South Korea, within Hallasan National Park. Standing at approximately 620 feet (189 meters) above sea level, it is one of the smaller volcanic formations on the island.

Despite its modest height, Saebyeol Oreum offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside and is a popular hiking destination for visitors to Hallasan National Park.

The cone’s gently sloping sides are covered in lush vegetation, including vibrant wildflowers and dense forests, creating a picturesque setting for outdoor adventures.

Hikers can ascend to the summit via well-marked trails, enjoying the tranquil ambiance and natural beauty of the area along the way. Saebyeol Oreum is a tranquil retreat for nature lovers and photographers seeking to experience the volcanic landscapes of Jeju Island.

Hallasan National Park Pictures

Engaging Hallasan National Park

Embark on a hike to the summit of Hallasan, South Korea’s highest peak. Choose from a variety of trails that wind through diverse landscapes, including lush forests, alpine meadows, and volcanic craters. The hike offers breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside and a sense of accomplishment upon reaching the summit.

Hallasan National Park Trails

Seongpanak Trail to Hallasan Summit

Rating: Difficult

Distance and Elevation Gain: 9.6 kilometers one way, with an elevation gain of about 1,400 meters.

Description: This trail leads to the summit of Hallasan Mountain, offering hikers the chance to stand at the highest point in South Korea.

The path is well-maintained and gradually increases in difficulty, winding through lush forests and volcanic landscapes.

Upon reaching the summit, hikers are rewarded with stunning views of the crater lake and the surrounding island. It’s a challenging hike, requiring a full day to complete.

Gwaneumsa Trail to Hallasan Summit

Rating: Difficult

Distance and Elevation Gain: 8.7 kilometers one way, with an elevation gain of about 1,400 meters.

Description: This trail offers a more rugged route to Hallasan’s summit, featuring steep ascents and rocky terrain. It’s known for its scenic beauty, passing waterfalls, streams, and diverse flora.

The hike is strenuous but rewards adventurers with spectacular views of Jeju Island from the top.

Due to its difficulty, it’s recommended for experienced hikers.

Eorimok Trail

Rating: Easy to Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 6.8 kilometers round trip, with an elevation gain of about 250 meters.

Description: Ideal for casual hikers and families, the Eorimok Trail offers a gentle walk through Hallasan’s lower slopes, showcasing the mountain’s unique vegetation and serene landscapes.

The trail ends at a viewpoint offering magnificent views of the western part of Jeju Island.

It’s a great option for those looking to experience Hallasan without the strenuous climb to the summit.

Yeongsil Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 3.7 kilometers one way, with an elevation gain of about 600 meters.

Description: The Yeongsil Trail is known for its breathtaking scenery, particularly in autumn when the foliage is vibrant.

The trail features wooden walkways and steps, leading to the impressive Yeongsil Waterfall and continuing to a shelter area. From here, hikers can enjoy panoramic views of the southern side of Jeju Island.

It’s a moderately challenging hike that offers a rewarding experience.

Donnaeko Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 7 kilometers one way, with an elevation gain of about 500 meters.

Description: This lesser-known trail provides a peaceful hiking experience through Hallasan’s dense forests, leading to a valley rich with native flora and fauna.

The path is moderately challenging, with some steep sections, but offers a tranquil atmosphere away from the more crowded trails.

Hikers can enjoy the lush surroundings and the soothing sounds of nature along the way.


1. What is Hallasan National Park known for?

Hallasan National Park is renowned for its volcanic landscapes, diverse ecosystems, and cultural heritage. Apart from pandas, the park is known for Hallasan, a dormant volcano and South Korea’s highest peak.

Visitors flock to the park to hike its scenic trails, explore crater lakes, and marvel at unique geological formations. The park also boasts a rich biodiversity, with rare plant species and diverse wildlife inhabiting its forests.

Additionally, Hallasan National Park is home to cultural sites such as temples and shrines, offering visitors insights into South Korea’s spiritual traditions and history.

2. What is the best time to visit Hallasan National Park?

The best time to visit Hallasan National Park is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) when the weather is mild and comfortable.

Average temperatures during these seasons range from 50°F to 70°F (10°C to 21°C) during the day, providing ideal conditions for outdoor activities such as hiking and sightseeing. Spring and autumn also offer clear skies and less rainfall, allowing visitors to fully enjoy the park’s natural beauty and scenic vistas.

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  • Imagine Your Korea, Hallasan Mountain National Geopark,, retrieved April 2024.
  • New World Encyclopedia, Hallasan,, retrieved April 2024.
  • UNESCO, Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Visit Jeju, Hallasan,, retrieved April 2024.
  • Wikipedia, Hallasan,, retrieved April 2024.