Mudumu Overview

Mudumu National Park, located in the Caprivi Strip of Namibia, is a hidden gem in the country’s vast array of natural landscapes. Established in 1990, this relatively unspoiled wilderness spans an area of approximately 1,010 square kilometers (390 square miles). Situated between the Kwando River to the west and the border with Botswana to the east, Mudumu forms part of a larger conservation area that includes several other parks and reserves, creating a vital corridor for wildlife migration.

The park’s landscape is characterized by a mix of dense riverine forests, savannah, and wetlands, providing a diverse habitat for a wide variety of wildlife. Mudumu National Park is home to significant populations of elephants, buffaloes, and antelopes, as well as predators such as lions, leopards, and hyenas. The park’s aquatic environments along the Kwando River are teeming with hippos and crocodiles, making it an excellent location for boat safaris.

One of the unique features of Mudumu National Park is its network of lagoons and channels, which swell during the rainy season, creating a lush, water-rich environment that attracts an abundance of birds and wildlife. This makes the park a birdwatcher’s paradise, with over 400 bird species recorded, including rare and migratory species.

Despite its rich biodiversity and stunning natural beauty, Mudumu remains one of Namibia’s less-visited parks, offering a sense of adventure and exploration to those who venture into its territories. Visitors can enjoy game drives, guided walks, and boat trips, providing close encounters with the park’s wildlife and an appreciation of its tranquil and pristine landscapes.

Mudumu National Park’s commitment to conservation and sustainable tourism practices ensures the protection of its ecosystems and the wildlife that depends on them. For nature enthusiasts seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience, Mudumu offers an authentic wilderness experience in one of Africa’s most beautiful and diverse regions.

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Park Map
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Mudumu National Park Highlights


Mudumu National Park is home to several apex predators vital for ecosystem balance. These predators play a crucial role in regulating prey populations and maintaining biodiversity.

Lion: Majestic and powerful, lions are apex predators of the savanna, forming prides to hunt large herbivores like buffalo and antelope, contributing to the park’s ecological dynamics.

Leopard: Stealthy and elusive, leopards are solitary hunters, known for their agility and ability to climb trees, preying on smaller mammals and occasionally scavenging on larger kills.

Spotted Hyena: Highly adaptable and social, spotted hyenas are skilled hunters and scavengers, often seen in clans, utilizing their powerful jaws and acute senses to locate and capture prey.

African Wild Dog: With a complex social structure, African wild dogs are highly efficient hunters, using teamwork to pursue and bring down prey, contributing to the park’s predator diversity.

Cheetah: Renowned for their incredible speed, cheetahs are solitary hunters, relying on bursts of acceleration to chase down prey like gazelles and impalas across the park’s open plains.


Nestled within Mudumu National Park are iconic wildlife species, each contributing to the park’s rich biodiversity and allure to wildlife enthusiasts.

African Elephant: Towering over the landscape, African elephants roam the park in herds, playing a vital role in shaping ecosystems and dispersing seeds, essential for maintaining biodiversity.

Buffalo: Formidable and gregarious, buffalo herds traverse the park’s grasslands, shaping landscapes through grazing and providing sustenance for predators, contributing to the park’s ecological balance.

Giraffe: Graceful and majestic, giraffes are iconic inhabitants of Mudumu, using their towering height to browse on acacia trees and survey the savanna for predators, adding to the park’s scenic beauty.

Hippo: Semi-aquatic marvels, hippos spend their days submerged in the park’s rivers and waterholes, emerging at dusk to graze on land, contributing to the park’s aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

Zebra: Striking with their black and white stripes, zebras form dazzling herds in Mudumu, utilizing their keen sense of hearing and sight to detect predators, enhancing the park’s wildlife spectacle.

Kudu: With elegant spiral horns, kudus navigate the park’s woodlands, relying on their acute senses to detect danger and leaping abilities to escape predators, enriching the park’s fauna diversity.

Impala: Agile and abundant, impalas are ubiquitous in Mudumu, forming large herds that attract predators, their leaping prowess and alertness adding to the park’s dynamic ecosystem.

Warthog: Despite their rugged appearance, warthogs are resourceful inhabitants of Mudumu, utilizing their burrows for shelter and their formidable tusks for defense against predators, enriching the park’s wildlife tapestry.

Waterbuck: Distinguished by their shaggy coats and striking markings, waterbucks are often found near water sources in Mudumu, their presence vital for sustaining predator and prey populations.

Hippopotamus: These river-dwelling behemoths are icons of Mudumu, spending most of their days submerged in water and emerging at night to graze, contributing to the park’s aquatic biodiversity.


Mudumu National Park boasts a diverse avian population, with over 400 bird species recorded, making it a haven for birdwatchers and ornithologists alike.

African Fish Eagle: With its distinctive call and striking plumage, the African Fish Eagle is a symbol of the park’s waterways, showcasing its prowess as a skilled fish hunter.

Marabou Stork: Towering and ungainly, Marabou Storks are a common sight in Mudumu, scavenging along watercourses and providing a vital ecological service by cleaning up carcasses.

Southern Carmine Bee-eater: Vibrant and agile, Carmine Bee-eaters grace the park during the breeding season, creating a colorful spectacle as they nest along the riverbanks.

Grey-headed Kingfisher: With its subtle beauty and expert fishing skills, the Grey-headed Kingfisher is a prized sighting in Mudumu, often perching on overhanging branches near water.

African Jacana: Adorned with striking lily-pad-like feet, African Jacanas gracefully traverse the park’s water lilies, showcasing their unique adaptations for walking on aquatic vegetation.

Lilac-breasted Roller: A splash of color against the savanna backdrop, Lilac-breasted Rollers are common in Mudumu, displaying aerial acrobatics and hunting insects from prominent perches.

Yellow-billed Oxpecker: These avian symbionts play a crucial role in Mudumu’s ecosystem, foraging for ticks and parasites on the backs of large mammals, providing pest control services.

African Openbill: With its peculiar bill shape, African Openbills are a common sight along the park’s wetlands, adeptly using their specialized beaks to extract mollusks and other prey.

Southern Ground Hornbill: Striking and charismatic, Southern Ground Hornbills roam the savanna in family groups, emitting booming calls and foraging for insects, small reptiles, and amphibians.

White-backed Vulture: Icons of the African skies, White-backed Vultures soar above Mudumu, scavenging on carcasses and playing a vital role in the park’s ecosystem as nature’s cleanup crew.

Mudumu National Park Pictures

Engaging Mudumu

Embark on a guided game drive through Mudumu National Park to explore its diverse habitats and encounter a wealth of wildlife. Led by experienced guides, these drives take visitors deep into the heart of the park, where they can spot iconic African species such as elephants, buffaloes, hippos, and antelopes.

With its vast floodplains, woodlands, and riverine forests, the park offers ample opportunities for wildlife viewing and photography. As you traverse the park’s network of tracks and trails, keep your eyes peeled for elusive predators like lions and leopards, as well as a myriad of bird species that inhabit the area.

Guided game drives provide an immersive safari experience and a chance to witness the natural beauty of Mudumu firsthand.

Explore the waterways of Mudumu National Park on a boat safari along the scenic Kwando River. These leisurely cruises offer a unique perspective on the park’s wildlife and landscapes, allowing visitors to observe animals from a different vantage point.

Glide past lush riverbanks teeming with birdlife, including colorful kingfishers, majestic fish eagles, and elusive African skimmers. Keep an eye out for hippos basking in the shallows and crocodiles lurking along the riverbanks as you navigate the tranquil waters.

With its abundant wildlife and picturesque scenery, a boat safari on the Kwando River provides a memorable and intimate wildlife experience in Mudumu National Park.

Embark on a walking safari in Mudumu National Park for an up-close and personal encounter with the African wilderness. Led by knowledgeable guides, these excursions offer a chance to explore the park on foot and discover its hidden treasures.

Trek through the bushveld and woodlands, following ancient animal trails and learning about the park’s flora and fauna along the way.

With the guidance of experienced trackers, you may have the opportunity to encounter wildlife such as elephants, giraffes, and various antelope species in their natural habitat.

Walking safaris provide a thrilling and immersive safari experience, allowing you to connect with nature in a profound and meaningful way.

Set out on a birdwatching expedition in Mudumu National Park to discover its rich avian diversity and pristine habitats.

With its diverse ecosystems, including riverine forests, wetlands, and grassy plains, the park is a haven for birdlife, boasting over 400 species recorded within its boundaries. Join expert bird guides as you explore prime birding areas and seek out sought-after species such as wattled cranes, African skimmers, and Pel’s fishing owls.

Whether you’re an avid birder or a casual enthusiast, Mudumu offers endless opportunities for birdwatching and photography against the backdrop of its breathtaking landscapes. Birdwatching expeditions provide a rewarding and memorable experience for nature lovers and bird enthusiasts alike.

Mudumu National Park Trails

No Traditional Trails

Mudumu National Park, situated in Namibia’s Zambezi Region, offers limited designated hiking trails due to its focus on wildlife conservation and protection.

However, visitors can explore the park on foot with the assistance of experienced guides.

These guided walks typically lead hikers through diverse habitats such as riverine forests, floodplains, and woodlands, providing opportunities to observe wildlife including elephants, buffalo, antelopes, and numerous bird species.

Participants will gain insights into the park’s ecosystem and conservation efforts while enjoying immersive wilderness experiences.

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  • Info Namibia, Mudumu National Park,, retrieved March 2023.
  • Ministry of Environment, Mudumu National Park,, retrieved March 2023.
  • NACSO, Mudumu National Park,, retrieved March 2023.
  • Namibia Tourism, Mudumu National Park,, retrieved March 2023.
  • Your African Safari, Mudumu National Park,, retrieved March 2023.