Souss-Massa Overview

Souss-Massa National Park, established in 1991, is located along the Moroccan Atlantic coastline, south of Agadir, spanning across approximately 330 square kilometers (127 square miles). This park is a critical conservation area, designed to protect the unique ecosystems of the Souss river estuary and the Massa river, as well as a stretch of the Atlantic coast. The landscape of Souss-Massa is diverse, encompassing sandy beaches, dunes, cliffs, and wetlands, which together create a haven for biodiversity and a critical habitat for migratory birds.

One of the park’s primary conservation efforts is the protection of the endangered Northern Bald Ibis, a species once thought to be on the brink of extinction, with Souss-Massa hosting one of its last wild colonies. In addition to the Northern Bald Ibis, the park is a vital stopover and wintering spot for many European migratory birds, making it an important site for birdwatching enthusiasts. The wetlands and coastal ecosystems support a variety of species, including flamingos, ospreys, and marbled ducks, among others.

Souss-Massa National Park is not only significant for its avian populations but also for its terrestrial wildlife, including mammals such as the African wildcat, the Barbary ground squirrel, and the endangered Dorcas gazelle. The park’s varied landscapes also support a rich array of plant life, including Argan trees, which are endemic to the region and culturally significant for local communities.

For visitors, Souss-Massa offers a unique opportunity to explore Morocco’s natural beauty through guided tours, birdwatching excursions, and walking trails that meander through its diverse ecosystems. The park’s efforts in ecological research, conservation, and sustainable tourism have made it a model for environmental protection in Morocco.

Souss-Massa National Park is a testament to the beauty and ecological importance of Morocco’s Atlantic coast, offering a blend of scientific interest and natural wonder that attracts researchers, conservationists, and nature lovers from around the world.

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Park Map
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Souss-Massa National Park Highlights


Souss-Massa National Park, a coastal gem in Morocco, serves as a sanctuary for a diverse array of species that inhabit its unique landscapes, ranging from sandy beaches and cliffs to agricultural lands and forests.

This park is especially critical for bird conservation, offering refuge to migratory and resident birds, alongside hosting a variety of other wildlife species adapted to its varied ecosystems.

Bald Ibis – Critically endangered, the Bald Ibis is a flagship species of the park, known for its bald head and long, curved red bill.

Eleonora’s Falcon – This medium-sized raptor breeds on the park’s cliffs, feeding mainly on small birds caught in flight during its migration from Madagascar.

Barbary Falcon – Similar to the Peregrine falcon but smaller, the Barbary Falcon thrives in the cliffs and rocky outcrops, preying on small birds and mammals.

Northern Bald Ibis – Often spotted in the park, this bird is one of the world’s rarest, distinguished by its glossy black plumage and unfeathered face and head.

Ostrich – The North African Ostrich, once widespread across Morocco, is now mainly found in protected areas like Souss-Massa, representing Africa’s largest bird.

Marbled Duck – A globally threatened species, the Marbled Duck finds a haven in the park’s wetlands, with its mottled brown and cream plumage.

Crested Coot – Identified by its white frontal shield, the Crested Coot is a rare sight, favoring the secluded waters within the park’s boundaries.

Spoonbill – With its distinctive spoon-shaped bill, the Spoonbill frequents the park’s wetlands, sifting through the mud for aquatic invertebrates.

Moroccan Magpie – Unique to Morocco, this bird is easily recognized by its long tail and striking black and white plumage, often seen within the park.

Saharan Dorcas Gazelle – Adapted to arid environments, this small, graceful gazelle roams the park’s more arid regions, a testament to the diversity of Souss-Massa’s habitats.

The incredible variety of species found in Souss-Massa National Park highlights the importance of this area as a biodiversity hotspot in Morocco, offering a glimpse into the rich natural heritage of the region.

Souss-Massa National Park Pictures

Engaging Souss-Massa

Embark on an exhilarating wildlife safari through Souss-Massa National Park, where you can spot a diverse array of animal species in their natural habitat. Keep your eyes peeled for Barbary macaques,

Barbary sheep, and the rare North African ostrich roaming freely across the park’s rugged terrain. The park is also home to numerous bird species, including the endangered Northern bald ibis and various birds of prey.

Guided safaris offer the opportunity to learn about the park’s conservation efforts and the importance of preserving its delicate ecosystem.

Explore the park’s scenic beauty on foot by hiking along its network of nature trails. Trails wind through coastal forests, river valleys, and sand dunes, offering stunning views of the surrounding landscape and opportunities to encounter wildlife up close.

Whether you’re an experienced hiker or a casual nature enthusiast, there are trails suitable for all skill levels. Guided hikes provide informative commentary on the park’s flora, fauna, and conservation efforts, enhancing your overall experience of Souss-Massa’s natural wonders.

Unwind and soak up the sun on the pristine beaches of Souss-Massa National Park, where miles of golden sands meet the azure waters of the Atlantic Ocean.

Whether you’re looking to sunbathe, swim, or simply stroll along the shoreline, the park’s secluded beaches offer a tranquil retreat away from the hustle and bustle of city life.

With sweeping coastal vistas and dramatic cliffs as a backdrop, it’s the perfect spot to relax and rejuvenate amidst the beauty of nature.

Souss-Massa National Park Trails

Oued Massa Trail

Rating: Easy

Distance and Elevation Gain: 4 miles (6.4 km) with minimal elevation gain

Description: The Oued Massa Trail offers a leisurely hike along the banks of the Massa River, surrounded by lush vegetation and abundant birdlife.

Hikers will wander through scenic landscapes of reed beds, palm groves, and wetlands, with opportunities for birdwatching and wildlife spotting.

Keep an eye out for flamingos, herons, and other waterfowl inhabiting the riverbanks. This easy hike provides a peaceful escape into nature’s beauty.

Sidi Rbat Coastal Trail

Rating: Easy to Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 6 miles (9.7 km) with an elevation gain of 328 feet (100 meters)

Description: The Sidi Rbat Coastal Trail offers breathtaking views of the Atlantic Ocean as it winds along rugged cliffs and sandy beaches.

Hikers will trek through coastal scrubland and rocky outcrops, with opportunities for beachcombing and sea bird observation.

Keep an eye out for dolphins and migrating whales offshore. This easy to moderate hike provides a refreshing coastal escape amidst stunning natural scenery.

Tamri River Gorge Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 8 miles (12.9 km) with an elevation gain of 656 feet (200 meters)

Description: The Tamri River Gorge Trail takes hikers on a scenic journey through dramatic landscapes of towering cliffs and meandering riverbeds.

Trek through narrow gorges and rocky canyons, with opportunities for rock scrambling and boulder hopping. Keep an eye out for Barbary macaques and other wildlife inhabiting the rugged terrain.

This moderate hike offers a thrilling adventure in the heart of Souss-Massa National Park.

Aglou Beach to Tifnit Fishing Village Trail

Rating: Easy to Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 5 miles (8 km) with minimal elevation gain

Description: The Aglou Beach to Tifnit Fishing Village Trail offers a picturesque coastal walk along sandy beaches and rocky headlands.

Hikers will pass by traditional fishing villages and scenic viewpoints overlooking the Atlantic coastline.

Enjoy the salty sea breeze and the sound of crashing waves as you explore hidden coves and tidal pools. This easy to moderate hike provides a delightful blend of coastal scenery and cultural immersion.

Ait Baha Plateau Loop Trail

Rating: Moderate to Difficult

Distance and Elevation Gain: 10 miles (16 km) with an elevation gain of 1,312 feet (400 meters)

Description: The Ait Baha Plateau Loop Trail offers a challenging trek through rugged terrain and traditional Berber villages nestled amidst the mountains.

Hikers will ascend to high plateaus with panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes, passing through terraced fields and olive groves. Keep an eye out for rare bird species and endemic flora along the way.

This moderate to difficult hike promises adventure and cultural discovery in Souss-Massa National Park.


1. What is Souss-Massa National Park known for?

Souss-Massa National Park is renowned for its diverse ecosystems, rich birdlife, and important wetlands. The park encompasses a range of habitats, including coastal dunes, estuaries, wetlands, and forested areas, making it a haven for a wide variety of flora and fauna. One of the park’s main attractions is its significance as a birdwatching destination, with over 250 species of birds recorded, including migratory species such as flamingos, herons, and ospreys.

Souss-Massa is also known for its populations of endangered species, including the Northern bald ibis and the slender-billed curlew. Visitors to the park can explore its scenic landscapes, observe wildlife in its natural habitat, and enjoy activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and wildlife photography. Souss-Massa National Park offers a unique opportunity to experience the natural beauty and biodiversity of Morocco’s Atlantic coast.

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  • Morocco, Spectacular Birding in Souss Massa National Park,, retrieved March 2024.
  • Visit Agadir, Souss Massa National Park,, retrieved March 2024.
  • Wikiloc, The Best Hiking Trails in Souss Massa (Morocco),, retrieved March 2024.
  • World Atlas, The Spectacular National Parks of Morocco,, retrieved March 2024.