Lake Nakuru Overview

Lake Nakuru National Park, established in 1961, is a premier conservation area located in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya, approximately 160 kilometers northwest of Nairobi, Kenya. The park spans around 188 square kilometers (about 73 square miles), with Lake Nakuru, a shallow alkaline lake, as its centerpiece. This lake is famous for its spectacular flamingo gatherings, where at times, hundreds of thousands of flamingos can be seen, creating a stunning pink hue along the lake’s edge. Although the number of flamingos at the lake can vary due to water levels and food availability, the sight remains one of the park’s major attractions.

Beyond its famous flamingos, Lake Nakuru National Park is a sanctuary for a wide array of wildlife. It is home to over 450 bird species, making it a paradise for bird watchers. The park also supports a rich diversity of mammalian species, including both black and white rhinos, which have been introduced to the park as part of a rhino conservation initiative. Visitors can also spot lions, leopards, giraffes, and a variety of antelope species within the park’s boundaries.

The park’s landscape is characterized by wooded and bushy grasslands, rocky escarpments, and acacia forests, providing diverse habitats for its inhabitants. The Makalia Falls are another natural attraction within the park, especially beautiful in the rainy season.

Lake Nakuru National Park is not just a wildlife haven; it offers breathtaking panoramic views from lookout points such as Baboon Cliff and Lion Hill. Its proximity to Nairobi makes it a popular destination for both tourists and locals looking for a safari experience without venturing too far from the capital.

In addition to game drives, the park offers opportunities for hiking, picnicking, and bird watching, making it a versatile destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike. Its ecological diversity, conservation importance, and stunning natural beauty make Lake Nakuru National Park a quintessential part of Kenya’s natural heritage.

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Park Map
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Lake Nakuru National Park Trails

Baboon Cliff Trail

Rating: Easy

Distance and Elevation Gain: 2 miles (3.2 km) with minimal elevation gain

Description: The Baboon Cliff Trail offers an easy stroll along the cliffside overlooking Lake Nakuru, providing breathtaking views of the lake and its surrounding landscapes.

Hikers can observe the park’s diverse wildlife, including baboons, flamingos, and various bird species.

The trail offers fantastic opportunities for birdwatching and photography, making it a popular choice for visitors looking to enjoy the park’s natural beauty at a leisurely pace.

Lion Hill Summit Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 3 miles (4.8 km) with an elevation gain of 656 feet (200 meters)

Description: The Lion Hill Summit Trail leads hikers to the summit of Lion Hill, offering panoramic views of Lake Nakuru and the surrounding savannah.

Trek through acacia woodlands and open grasslands, encountering wildlife such as giraffes, zebras, and antelopes along the way.

Enjoy the peaceful ambiance of the park while admiring stunning vistas from the summit, making this moderate hike a memorable experience for nature enthusiasts.

Out of Africa Viewpoint Trail

Rating: Easy to Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 2.5 miles (4 km) with an elevation gain of 328 feet (100 meters)

Description: The Out of Africa Viewpoint Trail offers a scenic walk to a viewpoint overlooking the park’s vast plains and Lake Nakuru.

Hikers can enjoy the sight of grazing wildlife such as buffalo and rhinos while admiring the tranquil beauty of the lake.

The trail provides excellent opportunities for wildlife photography and relaxation amidst the serene natural surroundings, making it a popular choice for visitors of all ages.

Makalia Falls Trail

Rating: Moderate

Distance and Elevation Gain: 4 miles (6.4 km) with an elevation gain of 656 feet (200 meters)

Description: The Makalia Falls Trail takes hikers on a journey to the scenic Makalia Falls, nestled within the park’s lush vegetation.

Trek through forests and rocky terrain, crossing streams and enjoying sightings of diverse birdlife and monkeys.

Arrive at the waterfall, where visitors can relax and enjoy the refreshing spray of water amidst the tranquil ambiance of the park’s natural beauty.

Rhino Sanctuary Circuit Trail

Rating: Moderate to Difficult

Distance and Elevation Gain: 6 miles (9.7 km) with an elevation gain of 984 feet (300 meters)

Description: The Rhino Sanctuary Circuit Trail offers an immersive exploration of Lake Nakuru’s rhino sanctuary, home to both black and white rhinoceros species.

Hike through acacia forests and grassy plains, keeping a lookout for these magnificent creatures along with other wildlife such as giraffes and impalas.

The trail provides a unique opportunity to witness conservation efforts while experiencing the park’s diverse ecosystems firsthand.

  • Africa Geographic, A birdwatcher’s paradise at Lake Nakuru National Park, , retrieved March 2024.
  • Britannica, Lake Nakuru National Park,, retrieved March 2024.
  • Kenya Wildlife Service, Lake Nakuru National Park,, retrieved March 2024.
  • Lonely Planet, Lake Nakuru National Park,, retrieved March 2024.
  • Magical Kenya, Lake Nakuru National Park,, retrieved March 2024.
  • UNESCO, Lake Nakuru National Park,, retrieved March 2024.