Philippines National Parks


About Philippines National Parks National Parks

The national parks of the Philippines offer a captivating glimpse into the country’s rich biodiversity, stunning landscapes, and cultural heritage. From lush tropical rainforests to pristine beaches and towering volcanic peaks, each national park showcases unique ecosystems and natural wonders.

Iconic parks such as Mount Pulag National Park, Palawan’s Subterranean River National Park, and Mount Apo Natural Park draw visitors with their breathtaking scenery and diverse flora and fauna. These parks provide vital habitat for endangered species such as the Philippine eagle and the tarsier, as well as opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and diving.

With their natural beauty, cultural significance, and ecological importance, the national parks of the Philippines are essential destinations for travelers seeking to explore the country’s natural and cultural treasures.

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Philippines National Parks's National Parks

Hundred Islands National Park

Hundred Islands National Park

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MacArthur Landing Memorial

MacArthur Landing Point Memorial

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Puerto Princesa Subterranean River front entrance

Puerto Princesa subterranean River

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1. How many national parks are there in the Philippines?

As of my last update, there are 13 national parks in the Philippines. These national parks encompass a diverse range of ecosystems, including rainforests, marine habitats, mountains, and volcanic landscapes.

Each national park protects unique biodiversity and cultural heritage, offering visitors opportunities for outdoor recreation, wildlife viewing, and cultural experiences.

2. What is the largest national park in the Philippines?

The largest national park in the Philippines is Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park. It covers an area of approximately 75,445 hectares (about 184,331 acres) and is located in the island of Mindoro, within the Mimaropa region.

Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park is renowned for its diverse ecosystems, including montane and lowland forests, grasslands, and river systems. It is home to various species of flora and fauna, including the critically endangered Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis), a type of dwarf buffalo found only on the island of Mindoro.

The park offers opportunities for trekking, wildlife watching, and birdwatching, providing visitors with a chance to experience the natural beauty and biodiversity of the Philippines.

3. What is the smallest national park in the Philippines?

While it is primarily designated as a protected seascape, it also holds the designation of a national park. The Tañon Strait Protected Seascape covers an area of approximately 518,364 hectares (about 1,281,700 acres), making it relatively small compared to other national parks in the country.

It is located between the islands of Negros and Cebu in the Visayas region and is known for its rich marine biodiversity, including coral reefs, seagrass beds, and diverse marine life. The protected seascape offers opportunities for marine conservation, sustainable fishing, ecotourism, and recreational activities such as diving and snorkeling.

While not solely designated as a national park, Tañon Strait Protected Seascape holds the status of a national park within its protected area designation

4. What was the first national park in the Philippines?

The first national park in the Philippines is Mount Apo National Park. Established in 1936, Mount Apo National Park is located on the island of Mindanao, spanning several provinces including Davao del Sur, North Cotabato, and Davao City.

Mount Apo is the highest peak in the Philippines, standing at approximately 2,954 meters (9,692 feet) above sea level. The national park is renowned for its diverse ecosystems, including montane forests, mossy forests, and grasslands, as well as unique flora and fauna.

It is home to various endemic species, such as the Philippine eagle, the national bird of the Philippines.

Mount Apo National Park offers opportunities for hiking, mountain climbing, camping, and wildlife observation, attracting outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers from around the world.