Brazil National Parks


About Brazil National Parks National Parks

Brazil’s national parks are a testament to the country’s remarkable natural diversity, encompassing vast swathes of pristine wilderness, breathtaking landscapes, and unique ecosystems. With over 70 national parks spread across the country, Brazil offers an array of natural wonders to explore, from the lush Amazon rainforest to the towering peaks of the Serra do Mar. Each national park is home to an astonishing variety of flora and fauna, including endangered species such as jaguars, giant otters, and harpy eagles.

Visitors to Brazil’s national parks can embark on unforgettable adventures, including hiking through dense forests, cruising down winding rivers, and marveling at majestic waterfalls. Whether exploring the iconic landscapes of Iguaçu National Park, the remote wilderness of Chapada dos Veadeiros, or the pristine beaches of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil’s national parks offer unparalleled opportunities for outdoor recreation, wildlife observation, and cultural experiences amidst some of the most breathtaking scenery on Earth.

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Brazil National Parks's National Parks

Aerial Iguacu Falls

Iguacu National Park

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Canyon in Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park

Chapada dos Veadeiros NP

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Chapada dos Guimaraes National Park

Chapada dos Guimaraes NP

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Itatiala National Park

Itatiaia National Park

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Lencois Maranhenses National Park

Lencois Maranhenses NP

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Pantanal jaguar on beach

Pantanal Matogrossense NP

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Serra da Canastra National Park

Serra da Canastra NP

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Tumucumaque National Park amazon rainforest tree

Tumucumaque Mountains NP

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1. How many national parks does Brazil have?

Brazil has a total of 74 national parks. These protected areas cover a wide range of ecosystems and landscapes, including rainforests, savannas, wetlands, and coastal areas, contributing to the conservation of Brazil’s rich biodiversity and natural heritage.

2. What is the largest national park in Brazil?

The largest national park in Brazil is Tumucumaque Mountains National Park (Parque Nacional Montanhas do Tumucumaque). Located in the state of Amapá, in the northern region of Brazil, Tumucumaque Mountains National Park covers an area of approximately 38,874 square kilometers (about 15,015 square miles).

Established in 2002, Tumucumaque Mountains National Park is part of the Amazon rainforest and is known for its vast and pristine wilderness. The park encompasses a diverse range of habitats, including dense rainforest, mountains, rivers, and savannas. It is home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, including jaguars, giant otters, tapirs, and numerous species of birds and insects.

Tumucumaque Mountains National Park is recognized for its ecological importance and biodiversity, and it plays a crucial role in the conservation of the Amazon rainforest and its ecosystems

3. What is the smallest national park in Brazil?

The smallest national park in Brazil is the Serra da Capivara National Park (Parque Nacional Serra da Capivara). Located in the state of Piauí, in the northeastern region of Brazil, Serra da Capivara National Park covers an area of approximately 1290.4 square kilometers (about 498.7 square miles).

Established in 1979, Serra da Capivara National Park is renowned for its significant archaeological sites, which contain some of the oldest and most extensive rock art collections in the Americas. The park protects important cultural heritage sites, including ancient rock shelters, caves, and paintings that date back thousands of years, providing insights into the lives and cultures of prehistoric human populations in the region.

Despite its relatively small size compared to other national parks in Brazil, Serra da Capivara National Park is of great archaeological and cultural significance, attracting visitors interested in learning about Brazil’s rich history and heritage.

4. What was the first national park in Brazil?

The first national park in Brazil is Itatiaia National Park (Parque Nacional do Itatiaia). Established on June 14, 1937, Itatiaia National Park is located in the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, in the southeastern region of Brazil.

Itatiaia National Park encompasses an area of approximately 120 square kilometers (about 46 square miles) and protects a diverse range of ecosystems, including Atlantic rainforest, high-altitude grasslands, and rocky peaks. The park is known for its stunning natural beauty, including waterfalls, lakes, and panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

As the first national park in Brazil, Itatiaia National Park holds historical significance in the country’s conservation efforts and serves as a model for protected area management. It offers visitors opportunities for hiking, birdwatching, and wildlife observation, as well as educational programs and scientific research initiatives aimed at preserving Brazil’s biodiversity and natural heritage.