Bhutan National Parks

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About Bhutan National Parks National Parks

Bhutan, renowned for its commitment to environmental conservation and Gross National Happiness, boasts a collection of stunning national parks that showcase the country’s rich biodiversity and pristine landscapes. Among these is the Jigme Dorji National Park, the largest protected area in the kingdom, encompassing rugged mountain terrain, verdant forests, and high-altitude lakes. It serves as a haven for endangered species like the snow leopard and Bengal tiger, while also providing sanctuary to countless other flora and fauna.

Another notable national park is the Royal Manas National Park, which spans the southern foothills and lowland plains. This park, designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to a remarkable variety of ecosystems, from subtropical forests to grasslands, and harbors an incredible diversity of wildlife, including the rare golden langur and Asian elephant.

Other significant national parks in Bhutan include Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park, Black Mountain National Park, and Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary, each offering unique opportunities for exploration, wildlife viewing, and immersive experiences in Bhutan’s natural wonders. These parks serve as invaluable assets in Bhutan’s efforts to preserve its natural heritage and promote sustainable tourism practices.

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Bhutan National Parks's National Parks

river paro running through Jigme Dorji

Jigme Dorji National Park

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Royal Manas National Park

Royal Manas National Park

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FAQ’s

1. How many national parks are there in Bhutan?

Bhutan, a country renowned for its commitment to environmental conservation, boasts a modest yet significant network of national parks. There are currently five national parks in Bhutan, each safeguarding the country’s rich biodiversity and stunning natural landscapes. These parks span diverse ecosystems, ranging from pristine forests to high-altitude alpine meadows.

They provide critical habitats for a variety of flora and fauna, including rare and endangered species like the Bengal tiger, snow leopard, and black-necked crane. Bhutan’s national parks also play a vital role in preserving the country’s cultural heritage, as they often encompass sacred sites, ancient monasteries, and traditional villages.

With their breathtaking scenery and ecological importance, Bhutan’s national parks offer visitors unique opportunities for wildlife viewing, trekking, and immersing in the country’s pristine natural beauty.

2. What is the largest national park in Bhutan?

The largest national park in Bhutan is Jigme Dorji National Park, covering an extensive area of approximately 4,349 square kilometers (1,679 square miles). This vast park is located in the northwestern part of Bhutan, encompassing diverse ecosystems ranging from lush subtropical forests to high alpine habitats.

Jigme Dorji National Park is renowned for its rich biodiversity, housing a wide array of flora and fauna, including rare and endangered species such as the Bengal tiger, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, and takin. The park is also home to numerous glacial lakes, sparkling rivers, and towering mountain peaks, making it a haven for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

Additionally, Jigme Dorji National Park is significant for its cultural heritage, containing sacred sites, ancient monasteries, and traditional settlements that reflect Bhutan’s rich cultural and spiritual traditions.

3. What is the smallest national park in Bhutan?

The smallest national park in Bhutan is the Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park. It covers an area of approximately 650 square kilometers (250 square miles) in central Bhutan.

Despite its small size, the park is ecologically diverse, with alpine and temperate forests, meadows, and high-altitude wetlands. It is home to a variety of wildlife, including the endangered snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, red panda, and takin. The park also supports a rich birdlife, with over 300 species recorded, including the Himalayan monal and blood pheasant.

Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park is an important conservation area in Bhutan, protecting critical habitats and contributing to the country’s biodiversity conservation efforts. Additionally, it offers opportunities for ecotourism and outdoor recreation, such as trekking, birdwatching, and wildlife viewing.

4. What was the first national park in Bhutan?

The first national park in Bhutan is the Jigme Dorji National Park. Established in 1974, it is also the largest national park in Bhutan, covering an area of approximately 4,349 square kilometers (1,679 square miles). Named after Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, the third King of Bhutan, the park encompasses a wide range of ecosystems, including alpine meadows, temperate forests, and glacial lakes.

It is home to a diverse array of flora and fauna, including endangered species such as the snow leopard, Bengal tiger, and Himalayan musk deer. The park is renowned for its scenic beauty, with snow-capped peaks, pristine lakes, and verdant valleys attracting visitors for trekking, wildlife watching, and nature photography.

Jigme Dorji National Park plays a vital role in conserving Bhutan’s natural heritage and promoting sustainable tourism in the country.